What's New ? - 2020

What's New ? - 2020

Decline in antibiotic use on British poultry farms

24 September, 2020 Total antibiotic use on farms raising chickens, ducks, and turkeys fell by 76% from 2012 through 2019, and the use of critically important antibiotics - those also used in human medicine - declined by 97.3%. Read More

Saudi Arabia: Poultry production

Gain report: SA2020-0013 23 September, 2020 Estimated Saudi 2019 and 2020 chicken meat production is increased to 800,000 and 930,000 MT,respectively. Now that the Kingdom’s domestic production exceeds the targeted 60 percent self-sufficiency level, the government is trying to increase the self-sufficiency level to 80 percent by 2025.
An outbreak of avian influenza (H5N8) in layer farms in early February 2020 reduced the country’s table egg production by approximately 30 percent. Once stocks were depleted, the country experienced an egg shortage and the retail price of table eggs increased by more than 50 percent. The shortage was compounded by increased in-home consumption due to COVID 19.
Saudi per capita poultry meat consumption in 2019 is estimated at 40kg - high compared to other animal proteins. Read More

USA: The effect COVID-19 on the egg Industry

15 September, 2020 A study by agricultural economists at Michigan State University and Perdue University quantified the effects of COVID-19 on prices and volumes of shell-egg and egg-liquid sales by segments of the U.S. industry.
The study uses evidence from the egg industry to investigate how the shift from food-away-from-home and towards food-at-home affected the U.S. food supply chain. The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic increased retail and farm-gate prices for table eggs by approximately 141% and 182%, respectively. In contrast, prices for breaking stock eggs-which are primarily used in foodservice and restaurants-fell by 67%. On April 3, 2020, the FDA responded by issuing temporary exemptions from certain food safety standards for breaking stock egg producers seeking to sell into the retail table egg market. This regulatory change rapidly pushed retail, farm-gate, and breaking stock prices towards their long-run pre-pandemic equilibrium dynamics. Read More

US rolls back U.S. inspection rules for egg products

9 September, 2020 The USDA will stop requiring U.S. plants that produce egg products to have full-time government inspectors. Under a new rule that takes effect immediately, the U.S. Department of Agriculture will allow companies to use different food-safety systems and procedures designed for their factories and equipment. This move will ease government regulations over the nation's food system. Some inspectors and public-interest groups have warned food safety may suffer as a result.
The new rule affects 83 plants that USDA has been inspecting. USDA will also assume oversight from the Food and Drug Administration of additional facilities that produce egg substitutes. Read More

UK: 85% of breast fillet are affected by white striping disease

2 September, 2020 Study finds white striping disease in 85 percent of standard factory-farmed chicken on the shelves of the top UK supermarkets.
White striping is a muscle disease that is reported to impact 50-90% of fast growing chickens, and is a consequence of fast growth rates. This changes the appearance, texture and, crucially, reduces the nutritional value of the meat by increasing the fat content. The Humane League UK set out to investigate whether the ‘standard’ chicken breast meat on British supermarket shelves had similar levels of white striping disease to those reported in scientific journals. Read More

Canada: Poultry production

Gain report: CA2020-0078 1 September, 2020 Canada projects modest production growth for 2021, with chicken meat production forecast to reach 1.315 million metric tons (MMT), 2 percent above the estimated 2020 level.
Canada estimates 2020 chicken meat production at 1.29 MMT, down 3 percent from 2019. Read More

Mexico: Poultry production

Source: GAIN Report MX2020-0042 28 August, 2020 In 2020, Mexico’s chicken meat production was 3.675 million metric tons and is expected to slightly improve in 2021 with a growth rate of up to 3 percent. Due to pandemic emergency measures, Mexico’s hotel, restaurant, and institutional sector has suffered a reduction of more than 30 percent in demand. However, household demand for chicken meat has grown due to chicken meat’s higher affordability over pork and beef.
Mexico’s turkey production is not expected to grow by much more than 1 percent from marketing year (MY) 2020 to MY 2021, as producers continue to switch from turkey to chicken for a quicker and higher profit. Turkey production in Mexico is becoming more for self-consumption and has become even more regionalized. Read More

Boston Market sues chicken companies for millions in broiler overcharges

1 August, 2020 Boston Market Corp. has filed a federal lawsuit against a group of poultry companies, alleging the companies conspired to manipulate the price of broilers from 2008 to 2017, costing Boston Market Corp. hundreds of millions of dollars in overcharges, according to DTN Progressive Farmer. Read More

China: Covid-19 and chicken meat demand

Gain Report Number: CH2020-0101 30 July, 2020 COVID-19 not only impacted chicken meat production in early 2020, but also had a profound effect on chicken meat demand. With the closure of restaurants, schools, canteens, and other food processing factories, demand for chicken meat fell significantly. While there was an increase in take-out, delivery, and home-prepared meals, overall chicken meat demand fell, arresting the ongoing expansion. According to the National Statistics Bureau (NSB), China’s poultry meat output in first quarter of 2020 was 5.23 million tons, an increase of 1.1 percent from the same period of 2019, which is much lower than the expected rate of increase. Note, that the NSB statistics only report total “poultry meat” output, which includes other poultry and waterfowl. The relative increase of broilers would be slightly higher. Since January 1, 2020, China’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) reported six highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) outbreaks to the World Animal Health Organization (OIE Read More

OECD‑FAO Agricultural Outlook 2020‑2029

17 July, 2020 Over the outlook period, global livestock production is expected to expand by 14% supported by low feed prices and stable product prices ensuring remunerative profit margins to producers.
Poultry is expected to be the fastest growing meat, with a projected increase in production of 16% (20 Mt).This accounts for about half of the projected increase in total meat output. Read More

Tyson poultry animal welfare audits now certified

11 July, 2020 Tyson Foods announced it is the first company to receive audit certification for all poultry across its supply chain after its FarmCheck® Animal Welfare Program completed the certification of company-wide poultry audits from the Professional Animal Auditor Certification Organization (PAACO).
PAACO recently certified FarmCheck® audits for both breeders and turkeys, bringing the company’s total certified poultry audits to three, following broiler chicken certification by PAACO in 2019. Read More

China to close all live poultry markets gradually

11 July, 2020 China will close all live poultry markets in a step-by-step manner in a bid to reduce public health risks.
China will crack down on the illegal wildlife trade, ban the consumption of wild animals, and impose restrictions on the trade and slaughter of live poultry.
Authorities will step up supervision over farmers' markets to ensure food safety amid the COVID-19 epidemic.
China has 44,000 farmers' markets nationwide, including more than 4,100 wholesale markets. Read More

Colorado eggs to be cage free by 2025

3 July, 2020 A new bill being signed into law will require all Colorado eggs to be cage-free by 2025. Colorado’s cage ban will free 5.5 million hens from a lifetime of confinement in cages. Colorado joins Washington, Oregon, Michigan and California as the fifth state in the United States to ban cages.
Egg producers estimate it will cost them about $30 per bird, totaling about $165 million for the industry in Colorado. Read More

The origin of the modern chicken

Cell Research 27 June, 2020 An extensive study, by Chinese researchers, of the bird’s full genome concludes that people in northern Southeast Asia or southern China domesticated a colorful pheasant sometime after about 7500 B.C.E. Migrants and traders then carried the bird across Asia and on to every continent except Antarctica.
These results contradict previous claims that chickens were domesticated in northern China and the Indus Valley.
Charles Darwin argued the chicken descended from the red jungle fowl; he speculated that domestication happened in India.
The Chinese researchers sequenced the full genomes of 863 birds and compared them. The results suggest modern chickens descend primarily from domesticated and wild varieties in whatis now Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, and southern China. This region is a center of domestication. Read More

European Commission aims to cut farm antibiotic use

24 May, 2020 The European Commission announced new targets for reducing sales of antibiotics used on farms and in aquaculture.
The strategy sets concrete targets to transform the EUs food system, including a reduction by 50% of the use of pesticides, a reduction by at least 20% of the use of fertilizers, a reduction by 50% in sales of antimicrobials used for farmed animals and aquaculture, and reaching 25% of agricultural land under organic farming by 2030.
Commission officials say the strategy will enable the EU to transition to a sustainable food system that safeguards food security, ensures access to healthy diets, reduces the environmental and climate footprint of the EU food system, and strengthens resilience to future pandemics. Read More

Court finds firms liable in fipronil egg-tainting scandal

24 May, 2020 A court in the Netherlands found two disinfection companies, Chickfriend and Chickclean, liable in a 2017 fipronil egg scandal. The court said the firms had failed to fulfill contractual agreements to poultry farmers who took them to court.
Based on evidence, the court assumed the owners knew that the Dega-16 product contained fipronil and that its use to control red mites is prohibited. Dega-16 was presented to customers as an agent consisting of eucalyptus oil and menthol (essential oils).
The judgment comes more than two-and-a-half years after the food scare, which caused millions of eggs to be pulled from shelves and led to more than three million chickens being slaughtered. The court assumes that the owners knew that Dega-16 contained fipronil and that its use for the control of red mite was prohibited. Read More

WAP to AVMA: stop inhumane depopulation of animals

2 May, 2020 In a letter to the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), World Animal Protection (WAP) is calling AVMA culling methods - which include water-based foam generators, ventilation shutdown - inhumane that must be immediately removed from AVMA guidelines.
"Ventilation shutdown (VSD) and water-based foam (WBF) should never be used to cull or 'euthanize' farmed animals. Both methods are inhumane as they fail to ensure immediate unconsciousness and insensibility or immediate death without distress. Instead, they cause distress and extreme suffering via prolonged heat stress or conditions for suffocation and often further delays with practical complications". Read More

KFC China launches vegan chicen by Cargill

23 April, 2020 KFC China is launching vegan chicken nuggets for the first time ever amid growing interest in China’s meat-alternative industry. The announcement follows successful trials of vegan chicken at KFC in the U.S. and Europe. The nuggets are made by major U.S. meat producer, Cargill.
KFC is the largest fast-food chain in China. Restaurant company Yum China owns or franchises all branches in the country. Read More

Why Israel do not import eggs from the Palestinian Authorities?

9 April, 2020 For the past few weeks, Israel has been dealing with a nationwide shortage of eggs. Many supermarkets around the country are completely running out of egg cartons. The demand for eggs increased more than ever as the COVID-19 lockdown caused panic buying and additional consumption was triggered by the Passover, a popular Jewish holiday. Israel allowed importing eggs from the regular countries, which are Italy, Spain, Portugal, and one-fourth of the amount would come from a newly approved country, Ukraine.
The Palestinian Authorities (PA) proposed to export eggs to Israel for Passover, but the proposal was rejected due to lack of proper veterinary supervision. Read More

The U.S. chicken market should expect positive growth in 2020

CoBANK report 9 April, 2020 The U.S. chicken market should expect positive growth in 2020 despite challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, reveals the latest Quarterly report from cooperative bank CoBank.In the first two months of 2020, chicken production grew 7.7%. At the time, the industry was largely optimistic given expectations that renewed exports to China would be happening soon. This growth exceeded expectations and CoBank now predicts the 2020 chicken supply to increase by 3-4%, up from the original estimates of 2-3%. In March, the spread of COVID-19 shifted the focus to domestic markets. With most governing bodies advising people to stay at home, consumers have turned to at-home dining. Chicken sales have grown exponentially as a result, with the price of chicken breasts has increased at a rate higher than expected. Read More

USA: egg prices and coronavirus

28 March, 2020 Egg prices triple in 3 weeks amid coronavirus panic shopping.
According to Nielsen (a world leader in consumer measurement), egg sales soared 86% last week compared with the year-ago period. In the four weeks ending March 21, egg sales jumped 29% compared with the same period i 2019. Wholesale prices for a dozen Midwest large eggs, the benchmark for the egg industry, surged to a record $3.09, up from $1.03 at the beginning of the month. Read More

San Francisco antibiotic use in food animals, Ordinance reporting year 2018

17 March, 2020 In 2017, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors passed the Antibiotic Use in Food Animals Ordinance (Ordinance) to address one of the most pressing public health issues today - antibiotic resistance. Yet there is no federal mandate for the livestock industry to track the use of medically important antibiotics. San Francisco's Ordinance is the first local law of its kind in the United States to increase transparency about how antibiotics are used in the livestock industry. Under the Ordinance, chain grocers operating in San Francisco (defined as grocers with 25 or more stores anywhere) must report to the San Francisco Department of the Environment about the antibiotic use policies and practices of the producers of the raw meat and poultry they sell. This is the first report under the Ordinance and provides information about meat and poultry sold in San Francisco in calendar year 2018. Read More

South Africa increases import duties on poultry

17 March, 2020 On March 12, 2020, South Africa announced that the applied most favoured nation duties (MFN) onimports of bone-in chicken will be raised from 37 percent to 62 percent, and from 12 percent to 42 percent for boneless portions. The announcement comes more than one year after the International Trade Administration Commission of South Africa initiated its investigation in November 2018 at the request of the South African Poultry Association. The increases on the duties are effective as of March 13, 2020. Read More

EU-27+UK chicken meat production in 2020

Gain Report E42020-0009 12 March, 2020 EU-27+UK chicken meat production in 2020 is now forecast to increase by 1.1 percent from 2019. This increase follows 1.6 percent growth in 2019, driven by increased domestic EU-28 consumption and higher than anticipated exports. The EU-28 chicken meat production increase in 2019 was also notably driven by a 4 percent production increase in Poland which is now the leading chicken meat producing country in the European Union. However, FAS Warsaw estimates that Polish chicken production growth will slow to 1.5 percent in 2020 because of HPAI (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) outbreaks in late December 2019. Until February 12, 2020, there were 18 confirmed HPAI outbreaks in domestic Polish poultry (mainly turkey farms) and one case in wild birds. Read More

UK: Deep Pectoral Myopathy

6 March, 2020 Various photos posted on social media show poultry meat tainted with a putrid, green stain in poultry meat bought from different supermarkets (Tesco, Sainsbury's, Asda and Morrisons). It is unclear whether the birds all come from the same supplier and supermarkets have now opened an investigation into the cause of this pathology.
Deep pectoral myopathy (DPM) is a degenerative muscle disease of poultry commonly referred to as green muscle disease. Green muscle disease is a hidden problem in today’s large broiler chickens that is not detected until these birds are deboned at the processing plant. Read More

Mexico: poultry and egg production

Gain report: MX2020-0007 6 March, 2020 In marketing year (MY) 2020, the chicken meat production forecast is 3.7 million metric tons (MT). The MY 2019 chicken meat production forecast remains 3.6 million MT. According to Mexico’s National Union of Poultry Producers (UNA), domestic poultry production has grown 3 percent during 2019 and is expected to grow at a similar pace through 2020.
Feed represents an estimated 68 percent of production costs for poultry producers and they consume about 51 percent of total national feed production, making Mexico’s chicken meat production highly dependent on the stability of grain and feed prices. Read More

OIE annual report on the use of antimicrobial agents intended for use in animals

26 February, 2020 More than three fourths of countries do not use any antibiotics for animal growth promotion, according to OIE findings.
The report includes information on veterinary antibiotic use submitted by 153 OIE members in 2018. 118 out of 153 (77%) did not use any antimicrobial agents for growth promotion in animals in their countries as of 2018, either with or without legislation or regulations. Read More

Arizona: Cage-Free egg legislation

8 February, 2020 A new bill has been introduced in Arizona that would phase out the use of cages in egg production or eggs sold from hens raised in cages. If passed, Arizona will be joining states like California, Oregon, Rhode Island, Washington, and Michigan, which have all passed cage-free egg laws.
The proposed legislation would require egg producers to start giving hens more space by the end of this year. From December 31, 2020, industrial egg farms would not be allowed to confine hens to any area smaller than one square foot per hen. Read More

France to ban culling of unwanted male chicks by end of 2021

3 February, 2020 France has pledged to outlaw the practice of culling unwanted male chicks by the end of 2021, as part of animal welfare reforms.
About seven billion male chicks are killed around the world each year, usually in shredding machines or by gas.
The 2021 ban will make France one of the first countries to outlaw the practice of culling male chicks.
Germany, where 45 million male chicks are macerated each year, outlawed it too, but a top administrative court ruled in June that the slaughter could continue until a method was found to determine the sex of an embryo in the egg. Read More

Are eggs good or bad for us?

JAMA March 19, 2019 1 February, 2020 Cholesterol is a common nutrient in the human diet and eggs are a major source of dietary cholesterol. People who eat 300 milligrams of dietary cholesterol per day, have a higher risk of both heart disease and early death compared with those who eat fewer eggs, new study published in the medical journal JAMA finds.
Eggs, specially the yolk, are a major source of dietary cholesterol, a single large egg contains about 186 milligrams of cholesterol. Read More

Ukraine enters top five world exporters of poultry

18 January, 2020 Ukraine has entered the top five of the world’s poultry exporters. Brazil, the EU and Thailand are ahead of Ukraine. EU issued import permits for 58,000 tonnes of Ukrainian wheat as part of the first distribution of the tariff quota (TRQ) for 2020. Almost the entire quota was issued for duty-free supplies. Ukraine as of January 10, 2019 and since the beginning of the 2019/2020 marketing year (MY, July-June) has exported 32.08 million tonnes of grain, which is 7.8 million tonnes more than for the same period of the last marketing year. Read More