Infectious Diseases 2021

Infectious Diseases 2021

Canada: HPAI in Newfoundland and Labrador

24 December, 2021

On December 20, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) confirmed the presence of high pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), subtype H5N1, at a multi-species exhibition farm in the Avalon Peninsula on the island portion of Newfoundland and Labrador. This exhibition farm does not produce birds for sale. Initial tests for the disease were conducted on December 16, 2021 by the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, after the farm experienced sudden deaths of birds over several days.
As the infected birds were located on an exhibition farm, and no other cases resembling Avian Influenza have been reported in the vicinity of the farm, Canada's status as 'free from AI' remains in place in accordance with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) guidance. According to the OIE, 419 birds were identified to be carrying the H5N1 virus. Of those, 360 died, while 59 had to be euthanized.