Infectious Diseases 2021

Infectious Diseases 2021

EFSA: Campylobacteriosis in The EU - 2019

26 February, 2021

The first and second most reported zoonoses in humans were campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis, respectively. The EU trend for confirmed human cases of these two diseases was stable (flat) during 2015–2019. 
Campylobacteriosis is the most commonly reported gastrointestinal infection in humans in the EU and has been so since 2005. In 2019, the number of confirmed cases of human campylobacteriosis was 220,682 corresponding to an EU notification rate of 59.7 per 100,000 population, which is a decreaseby 6.9% compared with the rate in 2018 (64.1 per 100,000 population). 20,432 hospitalisations and 47 deaths. The trend for campylobacteriosis in humans remained stable (flat) during 2015–2019.
In 2019, Campylobacter was the third most frequently reported causative agent of food-borne outbreaks at EU level, by 18 MS, with 319 outbreaks reported to EFSA, involving 1,254 cases of illness, 125 hospitalisations and no deaths. Eighteen outbreaks were reported with strong evidence and 301 with weak evidence. The most common sources for the strong-evidence campylobacteriosis food-borne outbreaks were broiler meat and milk, as in previous years.
Seven MS reported monitoring results from official control samples collected in the context of the Campylobacter process hygiene criterion in force for food business operators. Of the 3,346 neck skin samples from chilled broiler carcases, 1,365 (41%) were Campylobacter-positive and 506 (15%) exceeded the limit of 1,000 CFU/g. Seven MS reported such monitoring data based on sampling results collected from the food business operators. Of the 15,323 neck skin samples, 2,038 (13%) tested positive and 1,033 (7%) exceeded the limit of 1,000 CFU/g. Campylobacter was isolated from all fresh meat categories, with the highest percentage of Campylobacter-positive sampling units being reported from fresh meat from turkeys and broilers; 33.0% and 29.6%, respectively. Sixteen MS reported 2019 sampling results on Campylobacter in animals, mainly from broilers and bovine animals: the highest overall proportion of positives was observed in broilers (13%).