What's New ? - 2021

What's New ? - 2021

Antimicrobial consumption and resistance in bacteria from humans and animals

4 July, 2021

The third joint inter-agency report on integrated analysis of antimicrobial agent consumption and occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from humans and food-producing animals (JIACRA), prepared by the three agencies at the request of the European Commission (EC).
This report provides an integrated analysis of possible relationships between antimicrobial consumption (AMC) in humans and food-producing animals and the occurrence of AMR in bacteria from humans and food-producing animals. The findings of the joint report indicate that measures taken by many European countries to reduce antibiotic use in food-animal production are having an impact, and that further efforts to improve antibiotic use both in human and animal medicine could have beneficial impacts on antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
Using surveillance data from 2017, the report found that the EU/EEA population mean antibiotic consumption in the 29 countries was 130 mg per kg of estimated biomass in humans and 108.3 mg per kg in food-producing animals. That's the first time since the agencies began publishing the joint reports in 2011 that antibiotic use in humans has exceeded use in livestock.
Resistance in bacteria from humans was associated with resistance in bacteria from food-producing animals which, in turn, was related to antimicrobial consumption in animals. The most consistent positive association between AMR in bacteria from food-producing animals and AMR in bacteria from humans was found for Campylobacter spp.

 

Related Links
Link The report