What's New ? - 2019

What's New ? - 2019

Diseases of Poultry, 14 ed

28 November, 2019 The new edition has been expanded to incorporate the most recent advances in the field, exploring new diagnostic tools, recently discovered information, and recent outbreaks in poultry, providing a complete picture of current understanding. Thoroughly updated, the book presents many new figures, including many new color figures of gross lesions. A new chapter discusses disease prevention and control in antibiotic-free production. The text also offers data on emerging diseases and diseases of complex or unknown etiology. Read More

NARMS: Antimicrobial resistance trends in the USA

25 November, 2019 The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) released its 2016-2017 NARMS Integrated Summary. The National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) is a national public health surveillance system that monitors foodborne bacteria to determine if they are resistant to various antibiotics used in human and veterinary medicine.
Key findings in the new report include:
-Salmonella resistance to third-generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, or azithromycin has increased. The rise in Salmonella resistance to these drugs means that treatment with them may not always work.
-No resistance to carbapenems was observed among Salmonella isolates from humans, retail meats, and animals. This is important as carbapenems are typically reserved to treat suspected multi-drug resistant infectious diarrhea. In the U.S., carbapenems are not used in food animal production, however due to their importance in human health, they are monitored by NARMS. Read More

China lifts ban on US poultry

15 November, 2019 China has announced it will lift its ban on imports of all U.S. poultry products. China has banned all U.S. poultry since January 2015 due to an avian influenza outbreak in December 2014, even though the United States has been free of the disease since August 2017. The United States is the world's second largest poultry exporter, with global exports of poultry meat and products of $4.3 billion last year.
China is likely to import all types of chicken, turkey and duck, as well as parts of poultry that are not usually consumed in the US such as chicken feet. China was the number two trade partner with the U.S. poultry industry before the ban. Prior to the ban, China was pulling in about 195.7 thousand metric tons of U.S. chicken annually. Of that tonnage, approximately 77.7 thousand metric tons were chicken paws alone. Read More

EFSA: Poultry welfare at slaughter

15 November, 2019 EFSA has proposed measures to address the animal welfare hazards most commonly observed during the slaughter of poultry for food production and disease control. A comprehensive overview covers the entire slaughter process from arrival and unloading of birds through stunning to bleeding and killing. It identifies a number of hazards that give rise to welfare issues - such as pain, thirst, hunger or restricted movement - and proposes preventive and corrective measures where possible.
Most of the hazards are the result of staff failings e.g. lack of training and skilled personnel. EFSA’s advice highlights the importance of staff being adequately trained in the different phases of slaughter and for clear identification of roles and responsibilities. Read More

New Lion standards for barn eggs

2 November, 2019 The British Egg Industry Council (BEIC) has decided upon a barn standard under the British Lion Quality Code of Practice, after a period of consultation with its subscribers.
The new Lion standards include:
-A maximum floor stocking density of 16.5 birds/m2
-Two enrichments per 1,000 bird;
-A maximum colony size; and
-Superior nest boxes. Read More

New York: Foie gras ban

2 November, 2019 The New York city council voted to ban sales of foie gras (restaurants and grocery stores), a move hailed by animal rights groups. Council members approved the ban by 42 votes to six. The law, which would be introduced in 2022, now needs to be signed into effect by Mayor Bill de Blasio. Those found in violation of the law will be fined between $500 (£386) and $2,000. Read More

UK-VARSS: veterinary antibiotic sales data in the UK from 2014 to 2018

31 October, 2019 Sales of antibiotics for use in food-producing animals have reduced by 53% in just four years between 2014-2018. Sales of highest priority critically important antibiotics (HP-CIAs) dropped by a further 0.4 tonnes (18%) from an already low level in 2017; a drop of 3.1 tonnes (66%) since 2014. Overall, tetracyclines remain the most sold antibiotic class (38%), followed by beta-lactams (27%) and trimethoprim/sulphonamides (10%). Sales of HP-CIAs in all animal species represent a small proportion (0.7%) of the overall antibiotic sales. Read More

The Guardian: drugs are suspected to have been heading for Northern Ireland poultry farm

19 October, 2019 A large consignment of Chinese antibiotics suspected to be destined for unregulated use on a poultry farm in Northern Ireland has been seized at a British airport.
The Guardian has learned that medicine, believed to be the antibiotic amoxicillin, was intercepted at a British airport this week. Enforcement authorities in Northern Ireland were alerted and have begun an investigation into a large poultry farm company. Read More

Early feeding to become mandatory in Dutch hatcheries

19 October, 2019 Hatcheries in the Netherlands will be forced to introduce early feeding after a court ruled in favour of an animal rights organisation, Wakker Dier.
It now means chicks must receive feed and water within 36 hours of hatching, rather than the 60 hours that is currently standard practice. Read More

DANMAP 2018 - Use of antimicrobial agents in Denmark

18 October, 2019 In Denmark, antibiotic treatment - of both humans and animals - is available by prescription only, and all prescriptions are recorded by the Register of Medicinal Statistics and available through national databases. Antimicrobial use in poultry is relatively low (1,326 kg; 1,491 Kg in 2017). Since 2015, the use has been reduced each year and was 16% lower than in 2015. The poultry production comprises broiler production, egg layers and turkey production in sequence of magnitude. In addition, there is a small production of ducks, geese, and game birds.
Danish broiler farms have a very high level of biosecurity and the antimicrobial consumption in broiler production is generally low compared with other species. Read More

EU: Hen welfare standards on egg imports for first time

Source: The Guardian 7 October, 2019 Eggs imported from Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay to member states will only be duty-free if the hens are kept in line with EU standards under the provisional terms of the new EU-Mercosur trade agreement.
Compliance with EU laws adds 16% to the cost price of an egg, according to the European Egg Processors Association. Read More

Antibiotic-Free poultry half as likely to be contaminated with MDR-Salmonella

IDWeek 2019 5 October, 2019 Meat from conventionally raised poultry was twice as likely to contain multidrug-resistant Salmonella as poultry labeled antibiotic-free or organic, according to a first-of-its-kind study being presented at IDWeek 2019. A related study of a variety of meat purchased from randomly selected stores found nearly one-third of Salmonella in contaminated samples was resistant to three or more antibiotics and more than one in six were resistant to five or more antibiotics. Severe Salmonella infection requires treatment with antibiotics, which is especially challenging when the bug is highly resistant to drugs. Read More

Poultry production in South Africa

GAIN Report No. SA1926 20 September, 2019 Recently, the South African broiler industry had been under considerable pressure due the devastating drought, the outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N8) and a Listeriosis food scare. However, in 2018, the broiler industry recovered, increasing production by 6 percent to a record of 983 million broilers slaughtered. The broiler industry is the country’s largest individual agricultural industry boasting a gross value of about R47 billion (US$3 billion) and contributing about 17 percent to the total gross value of agricultural products.
Commercial broiler meat production accounts for approximately 90 percent of the chicken meat industry in South Africa, with the remaining 10 percent comprising of subsistence farming production and depleted flock. The 983 million broilers slaughtered in 2018 equaled 1.27 million tons of chicken meat. Read More

World Egg Day

20 September, 2019 World Egg Day is celebrated around the world and helps to raise awareness of the benefits of eggs and their importance in human nutrition.
World Egg Day is celebrated every year on the second Friday in October. On World Egg Day, events are held across the world celebrating the egg. The health benefits of eggs will be hailed across the globe on Friday 11th October 2019, as countries celebrate one of the original superfoods on World Egg Day. Read More

Poultry production in Saudi Arabia

GAIN Report No. SA1910 17 September, 2019 The Kingdom’s chicken meat production in 2019 is forecast at 730,000 MT, and is projected to increase to 750,000 MT in 2020. Almost all poultry meat produced in Saudi Arabia is chicken meat - with the exception of about 1,500 MT of quail meat produced by Astra Farms in Tabuk.
Chicken meat consumption this year is estimated at 1.33 million MT and is forecasted to reach 1.38 million MT in 2020. Total Saudi chicken meat imports in 2019 are likely to reach 630,000 MT and are projected at 660,000 MT for 2020. Saudi Arabia exported 30,000 MT of chicken meat in 2018; exports are projected to remain at this level in 2019 and 2020. Read More

British Poultry Council antibiotic report 2019

16 September, 2019 According to the new report, in the last six years (2012-2018) the BPC Antibiotic Stewardship has helped achieve:
• 82.2% reduction in the total use of antibiotics
• 90.6% reduction in the use of critically important antibiotics
• 39.36% reduction in the total use of antibiotics in the last year (2016-2017)
In 2018, the sector used
• 16.2 tonnes of antibiotics resulting in a 12.4% increase in year-on-year usage
• 7.1% of the total antibiotics licensed for food producing animals in 2017 as compared to 21% in 2012 Read More

Chick-fil-A, now serving “No Antibiotics Ever” chicken at all restaurants in the US

16 September, 2019 Chick-fil-A announced it has reached its goal to serve No Antibiotics Ever (also known as “NAE”) chicken in its 2,400+ Chick-fil-A restaurants in the United States. In 2014, Chick-fil-A announced it was pursuing a bold commitment to serve only chicken raised with No Antibiotics Ever nationwide by the end of 2019.
Along with supply partners, Chick-fil-A met the milestone early, serving only No Antibiotics Ever chicken at every Chick-fil-A restaurant in the United States since May 2019. Beginning in October, packaging in restaurants will reflect this achievement. Read More

EU-28 chicken production

GAIN Report No. FR1928 16 September, 2019 The EU-28 chicken meat sector is expected to continue its growth in 2019 and 2020 due to slowly increasing domestic demand and increasing exports. Overall, EU-28 production in 2019 varies in different regions, but chicken meat production is foreseen to increase from 2018 in most major EU producing countries especially in Poland, now the leading EU-28 chicken meat producing country. EU-28 chicken imports are expected to increase in 2019. Thailand is the largest supplier of chicken meat to the EU-28, passing Brazil that had 20 plants delisted for salmonella issues in 2018. Ukraine is now the third largest supplier because it was granted a Tariff Rate Quotas for chicken meat. Read More

Poultry production in South Korea

GAIN Report No. KS1930 4 September, 2019 Broiler and hybrid chickens account for 94 percent of Korean poultry production. Broiler chickens average 1.5 kilograms (kg) live weight and broilers represented 77 percent (776 million) of the total number of slaughtered chickens in 2018. A hybrid chicken called “Samgye” is a cross breed between a broiler and a layer and intended for chicken ginseng soup in the summer season. It averages 850 grams live weight. In 2018, Samgye accounted for 16 percent (164 million) of the total number of slaughtered chickens. Finally, indigenous chickens averaging 2 kg live weight and spent hens made up six percent of the total number of slaughtered chickens in 2018. Read More

Poultry production in Thailand

GAIN Report No. TH9109 4 September, 2019 Thai broiler meat production is forecast at 3.23 million metric tons (MMT) in 2020, 6 percent growth from the 2019 level, due to anticipated growth in export and domestic demand.
Exports of chicken meat in 2020 should also continue to increase another 7 percent to 1.02 MMT, in anticipation of continued growth in exports to Japan and other non-EU markets such as China, South Korea, and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Read More

Poultry production in Turkey

GAIN Report No. TR9021 31 August, 2019 In 2020, chicken meat production in Turkey is expected to grow 3 percent to 2.45 million MT. Turkey’s poultry sector continues to grow by a slower pace in 2019. The price of chicken has sharply increased in 2019 to cover higher costs of production. Turkish poultry producers have been struggling with high feed prices dependent on imported inputs and limited supply of domestically produced feed materials.
In 2018, Turkey exported 439,142 MT of poultry meat worth $582 million, an increase of 17 percent in quantity. Read More

Tyson Foods Tyson Foods invests in Grupo Vibra

30 August, 2019 Tyson Foods, has reached an agreement to invest in the foods division of Grupo Vibra, a Brazilian producer and exporter of poultry products. Grupo Vibra currently serves customers in Brazil as well as more than 50 countries around the world. Terms of the deal were not disclosed, which is still subject to the approval of regulators in Brazil.In 2008, Tyson acquired three poultry plants in Brazil: Macedo Agroindustrial and Avicola Itaiopolis, both in the state of Santa Catarina, and a 70% stake in Frangobras in the state of Parana. Read More

Elanco to acquire Bayer’s Animal Health business

22 August, 2019 U.S.-based company Elanco Animal Health has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Bayer’s Animal Health business for $7.6bn. The proposed deal will create the second-biggest player in the animal health sector by revenues. The two companies said Bayer would receive $5.3 billion in cash and $2.3 billion worth of Elanco stock based on a price of $33.60 per share, the 30-day average price as of Aug. 6. Read More

JUST Egg rolling out to Kroger stores

20 August, 2019 JUST Egg, an egg alternative made from mung bean, this month will be on the shelves in 2,100 Kroger-owned stores around the country. JUST Egg is made from mung beans, which contains a protein that we discovered can taste and scramble like an egg. The mung bean is a protein-rich legume.
The mung bean-based egg alternative is free of cholesterol, saturated fat and artificial flavoring. Read More

Poultry production in Brazil

GAIN Report No. BR 1922 19 August, 2019 Production: Chicken meat production in 2020 is forecast at 13.975 MMT, mostly driven by rising global demand, especially from China and higher domestic demand. Trade sources remain optimistic that exports to China will remain firm next year due to the outbreak of African Swine Fever (AFS) in Asia. Domestic demand for chicken meat is also forecast to increase due to the expected rebound of the Brazilian economy in 2020, projected lower inflation, and declining unemployment rates. Other factors contributing to the optimistic outlook next year include: feed costs are likely to remain stable due to a projected record 2019/2020 soybean and corn harvests, an above average number of chicks placed in meat-growing operations in the past months, reflecting producers’ confidence in the market, the average live weight of birds continues to grow due to improved genetics, and the competitive prices of Brazilian product. Read More

EU: Short-term outlook for EU agricultural markets in 2019 and 2020

European Commission 17 August, 2019 Poultry production will keep growing in the EU in 2019 (+2.5%) thanks to good demand and high prices. These price levels will also favour import growth in 2019 (+5%). After the strong production growth in 2018 (+5%), EU poultry meat production still grew by 2% year-on-year in the first quarter of 2019. For the full year, a 2.5% increase in supply is expected supported by high prices, with stronger growth in the eastern EU countries.
Broiler prices started the year with levels below the 5-year average, but from April they have been well above it.
Per capita consumption is expected to continue on its rising trend in 2019, up to 25.4 kg (+0.6 kg).
If the high producer prices of pigmeat are transferred to retail prices, this will likely shift additional consumption to poultry. Read More

Poultry production in Bulgaria

GAIN Report No. BU1928 17 August, 2019 Bulgaria’s poultry industry grew in 2018, despite 26 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) detections, particularly during October and November. To date in 2019, four detections in March and April occurred on small duck and egg farms. Currently no HPAI-related trade restrictions in place.
By early 2019, Bulgaria’s poultry inventory increased by 16 percent over 2018, largely because the industry has continued to consolidate and commercialize. The total number of farms declined by about 60 percent at the expense of small farms (up to 10,000 birds), while the number of larger farms grew by eight percent. The increase in inventory occurred at medium and large farms, which grew by 12 and 22 percent, respectively. Read More

Poultry production in China

GAIN Report No. CH19048 15 August, 2019 Production: Production will increase approximately 14 percent in 2020 as chicken producers respond to higher consumer prices for pork and increased demand for chicken.
Chicken meat production in China is forecast to increase to approximately 15.8 million metric tons (MMT) in 2020. Higher prices for pork products have driven consumers to seek alternative proteins, mainly chicken meat. This has led to expanded chicken production in both the white-feather and yellow-feather chicken sectors. Read More

Dioxin recall for Belgian eggs

13 August, 2019 A recall has been issued for organic eggs produced by the brand E.K.E and sold in several supermarkets in Belgium, after food safety authorities detected excess of levels of dioxins in the eggs. It is not clear if the contaminated batch of eggs has also been used for processing. Read More

Oregon passes cage-free egg law

13 August, 2019 Senate Bill 1019 has been signed into law in Oregon, requiring commercial farms with 3,000 or more chickens to go cage-free and prevents the purchase or sale of caged eggs, in places such as grocery stores and restaurants, starting in 2024. The bill also requires that farms provide enrichments for hens, including perches, scratching areas, nest boxes and dust baths. Read More

On-farm antimicrobial usage in broilers and turkey production in the USA, 2013 – 2017

6 August, 2019 The U.S. Poultry & Egg Association announces the release of the first-ever report quantifying the U.S. poultry industry’s on-farm antimicrobial use. The new report shows dramatic reductions of turkey and broiler chicken antimicrobial use over a five-year timeframe.
This report represents data regarding the use of antimicrobials from 2013 to 2017 throughout the lifetime of U.S. broiler chickens and turkeys. Data regarding antimicrobial use among broiler chickens and turkeys was reported from the hatchery until the day of harvest through the five-year collection period of 2013–2017. For 2017, data representing more than 7.5 billion broiler chickens (about 90% of annual U.S. chicken production by the major companies) and 160 million turkeys (about 80% of annual U.S. turkey production by the major companies) were submitted, analyzed and are reported within this study. Read More

Poultry production in Mexico

GAIN Report MX9025 2 August, 2019 High demand for poultry meat and eggs continue to drive continued growth in Mexican domestic poultry production. Imports from the United States supply the majority of Mexico’s additional needs for chicken and turkey meat for further processing, although Brazil is gaining market share by supplying frozen product under Mexico’s tariff rate quota for third countries. In May 2019, Mexico increased the volume of the quota by 55,000 metric tons (MT) in, bringing the quota total to 355,000 MT.
The forecast for chicken meat production in 2019 is 3.6 million metric tons (MT) and the forecast for 2020 is 3.7 million MT. The forecast for chicken meat consumption in 2019 is 4.4 million MT and the forecast for 2020 is almost 4.6 million MT. Read More

The Ukrainian poultry company to end production of foie gras

1 August, 2019 Ukraine’s leading poultry producer MHP decided to cease all foie gras production by early September. The company said that production of foie gras “is not consistent with its strategy” of being a global leader in environmental and social standards and animal welfare. Read More

Iran resumes egg exports to Iraq

27 July, 2019 Egg exports to Iraq started again this week. A total of 13 thousand tons of eggs were exported in the first three months of the current Iranian calendar year (began March 20). 24 thousand tons of eggs were deployed in the same period last year indicating a 50-percent decline. The daily exports volume resides between 150 to 200 tons at the present time; given that Pakistan is not supplying egg demands of Afghanistan, the Afghans import the product form Iran.
A ban on exports of day-old chickens, chicken meat and broiler eggs have been lifted by the Ministry of Industries, Mining and Trade. Lifting the ban, aims to prevent the loss-making of domestic producers.
These exports were banned to secure domestic supplies, prevent shortage and control rising prices in the domestic market.
Iran produces over 2.1 million chickens in 20,000 farms annually. Read More

India bans use of colistin on farms

23 July, 2019 The Indian government has banned the use of colistin in food-producing animals, in a move to curb the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in humans through animals.
The Ministry of Health issued a notification prohibiting the manufacture, sale and distribution of the drug colistin and its formulations for food-producing animals. Read More

European Commission: exceptional support to Italy’s poultry sector following avian influenza

21 July, 2019 EU Member States agreed on providing exceptional market support to Italian egg and poultry meat producers, who were affected by avian influenza in 2017 and 2018. A total of €32.1 million will be granted from the EU budget, which should be matched by national funds.
Between 1 October 2017 and 30 June 2018, 45 outbreaks of avian influenza, affecting ducks, turkeys, Guinea fowls and Gallus domesticus, were confirmed and notified by Italy. Italy took all the necessary measures to control and monitor the situation, and prevent further outbreaks. Read More

FSIS: against meat and poultry warning labels about colorectal cancer risk

21 July, 2019 The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) has completed its review of the December 2016 petition submitted by the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), requesting that FSIS create regulations requiring warning labels on "processed" meat and poultry products. The petition proposes warning labels that advise consumers that frequent consumption of these products may increase their risk of colon and rectal cancer.
The petition relies on scientific studies asserting links between the consumption of processed meat with increased risk of certain types of cancer. Read More

EU and the Mercosur deal

12 July, 2019 The European Union and four South American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) clinched a deal that would create a trade bloc of 780 million people, representing a quarter of the world’s economy.
The deal:
Poultry meat: the EU will open an import quota of 180,000 tonnes to which no tariff duty will be applied. It will be split 50/50 into allocations for boneless and bone-in cuts and as with beef will be phased in over six equal annual installments Read More

LDC makes acquisition in Belgium

8 July, 2019 LDC, the France-based poultry supplier, has snapped up Kiplama, an import and distribution business in Belgium.
LDC said it supplies 40% of the products handled by Kiplama, which it described as a "distributor of French speciality poultry products". Kiplama's turnover was EUR39m (US$44m) in 2018, generating an EBITDA of "slightly above" EUR1m. Reporting results for its financial year that ended on Feb. 28, LDC said full-year current operating profit rose to 190.1 million euros from 184.7 million euros a year earlier. It expects operating profit to reach 200 million euros in 2019/2020 as its international division benefits from the takeover of Hungarian group Tranzit last year and the French convenience market continues to grow. LDC expects further growth on the French poultry market, where it already has a market share of nearly 40%. Read More

Poultry Science: open access

7 July, 2019 Poultry Science Association announces a new publishing agreement with Elsevier, Inc. to publish its two scientific journals (Poultry Science and the Journal of Applied Poultry Research), beginning 1 January 2020. Concurrently, the PSA Board of Directors recently approved changing its journals to an open access (OA) format and Elsevier presented the best overall proposal. Read More

Indonesia to cull around 3 million broiler breeders

28 June, 2019 Indonesia has told broiler breeders to cull around 3 million chickens over a two-week period to prop up plunging prices, as farmers protested by giving away thousands of live birds for free. Indonesia has been producing more chicken than it consumes, putting pressure on prices. Chicken farmers have been complaining that live bird prices have been below a government floor price and cost of production for months. Breeders increased chicken production to cash in on an expected upturn in demand during the Muslim Eid al-Fitr holidays earlier this month. Read More

Monitoring antimicrobial resistance trends, the Netherlands, 1998 to 2016

Eurosurveillance: Volume 24, Issue 25, 20/Jun/2019 22 June, 2019 A recent study aimed to optimise interpretation of Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) monitoring data by modelling resistance trends in commensal E. coli from livestock and to evaluate if any trends (and trend changes) were observed from 1998 to 2016.In 1998, a monitoring programme of AMR in livestock started in the Netherlands (NL). The programme was initiated following recommendations given at the Invitational European Union (EU) Conference ‘The Microbial Threat’ hosted by the Danish Government in Copenhagen in 1998. The recommendations were ‘to monitor evolution and effects of interventions, through establishment of accurate surveillance systems on antimicrobial resistance in the human and veterinary sector’. Escherichia coli was chosen as the indicator organism for gut microbiota in order to monitor the effects of antimicrobials with Gram-negative spectra. Between 1998 and 2009, there were statistically significant increasing resistance trends for all antimicrobials, except for tetracy Read More

EU poultry feed production in 2018

Source: FEFAC 22 June, 2019 The industrial compound feed production for farmed animals in the EU-28 in 2018 reached an estimated level of 163.3 million tonnes, i.e. 1.8% higher than in 2017.
As regards poultry feed production, the overall production increased by 1.7%, mostly driven by the development of poultry production in Finland, Czech Republic and Poland recording a growth of app. 5%. In certain countries like Germany, the demand for laying hens feed dropped dramatically (-4%). In France, the positive result (+1.7%) was to a large extent linked to recovery of the duck feed market (+14%) after a sharp decrease over the last two years due to Avian Influenza restrictions. The positive trend in poultry exports and sharp reduction of imports from Brazil contributed to support a positive momentum for the EU poultry sector and, therefore, an increased demand for commercial feed. EU poultry feed production remains the leading segment of EU industrial compound feed production, well ahead of pig feed. Read More

The meat alternative market

15 June, 2019 By 2040, most "meat" will come from alternative sources and not livestock. That's according to a report led by AT Kearney, a global consultancy firm. The basic conclusion, is that 60 percent of "meat" eaten in two decades' time will be either lab-grown (35 percent) or plant-based (25 percent).
Alternative "meats" range from traditional meat substitutes (tofu, seitan, mushrooms, and jackfruit) to insect protein (mostly mealworms and crickets) to novel vegan meat replacements, which use hemoglobin and binders to imitate the sensory profile of meat. Cultured meat (aka clean meat, cell-based meat, and slaughter-free meat) is newer to the scene and – at least for the time being – more exclusive, costing $80 per 100 grams as of 2018. It is grown in a lab and only requires a single cell extracted from a living animal, but the end product is identical to conventionally produced meat. Read More

Germany: mass-killing of male chicks is legal

14 June, 2019 A top German court has ruled that it is still lawful for poultry and egg producers to kill unwanted male chicks. The ruling, by Germany's Federal Administrative Court, backs companies on a temporary basis until an alternative can be found. Mass-culling of male chicks is common practice in industrialised farming around the world. After being sexed, billions of the baby birds are killed shortly after birth - usually by grinding or gassing. Officials say this means about 45 million male chicks die every year in Germany alone. In 2013, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia issued a decree banning hatcheries from killing chicks. Two egg hatcheries in the state then appealed against this. Paragraph one of Germany's Animal Welfare Act states that: "No-one shall inflict pain, suffering or harm on a pet without a reasonable cause." A lower court ruled that killing for food production constituted "reasonable" grounds, leading to the latest high court challenge. Read More

World Food Safety Day

6 June, 2019 23 million people falling ill and an estimated 4700 per year lose their lives from unsafe food each year in Europe is just the tip of the iceberg. This is according to a review of the most recent available data entitled “The burden of foodborne diseases in the WHO European Region”. These findings are presented on the occasion of the first-ever World Food Safety Day on 7 June 2019. The WHO European Region will join partners across the world in celebrating the day to raise awareness and promote action to improve food safety.According to the estimates, the most frequent causes of foodborne illness are diarrhoeal disease agents. Read More

Boehringer Ingelheim and Harbin Veterinary Research Institute Establish Strategic Partnership

4 June, 2019 The Harbin Veterinary Research Institute that functions as a state agency has jointly unveiled an industry-academia research exchange platform with Boehringer Ingelheim of Germany. Programs will include research, training and promoting the sustainable development of the animal health industry in China.The Harbin Veterinary Research Institute is a prestigious laboratory, but it is expected that Boehringer will be revealing and disclosing considerable proprietary technology to the benefit of their Chinese counterparts. Read More

Ceva to acquire IDT animal health business

1 June, 2019 Ceva Santé Animale (“Ceva”) and IDT Biologika GmbH (“IDT”) have reached a provisional agreement for Ceva to acquire IDT’s veterinary biopharmaceutical portfolio and R&D activities. The deal is subject to approval by the Germany's Federal Cartel Office (Bundeskartellamt) and is expected to be concluded by July 1 2019. Read More

EFSA: Veterinary drug residues

29 May, 2019 Monitoring data on the presence of residues of veterinary medicines and contaminants in animals and animal-derived food show high rates of compliance with recommended safety levels. Presence of prohibited substances was also low. Overall, there were 1,273 or 0.35% of non-compliant samples out of the 360,293 targeted samples in 2017. This figure is within the range of 0.25%-0.37% reported over the previous 10 years.
This is the first time that EFSA has collected these data from Member States; in the past the information was submitted to the European Commission. Read More

Russia: first poultry cargo to China since the Soviet era

25 May, 2019 For the first time since the Soviet era, Russia is sending poultry to China. The market for cheaper alternatives to pork is opening up as analysts say China could lose 30% of its pigs to African swine fever. The move could be a big step forward for Russia’s poultry industry, which wants to become a major supplier to more countries. It’ll likely take time to seriously challenge major shippers like the U.S., Brazil and European Union, but last month’s sale of chicken wings could be a warning of more competition for exporters hoping to send more to China. After doubling poultry output in the past decade to rank as the No. 6 producer, Russia may already be able meet some of China’s needs.
Russia is almost self-sufficient in poultry. Russia still imports a bit more chicken than it exports. Miratorg Agribusiness Holding sent 54 tons of wings to China in April, and the Russian National Meat Association said the country could send tens of thousands of tons there within a couple of years. Read More

Organic food sales worth almost $48B in 2018

21 May, 2019 Organic food sales reached $47.9 billion, for an increase of 5.9 percent. Sales of organic non-food products jumped by 10.6 percent to $4.6 billion. The growth rate for organic continued to easily outpace the general market: in 2018, total food sales in the U.S. edged up just 2.3 percent.
5.7% of all food sold in the U.S. last year was organic.Fruits and vegetables now account for 36.3 percent of all organic food sales. The second-largest organic category, dairy and egg sales were $6.5 billion in 2018, up 0.8 percent from 2017. Read More

Northern Ireland: ‘One Health’ approach to tackle antimicrobial resistance

17 May, 2019 The Department of Health, the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs and the Food Standards Agency have launched a five-year action plan to fight antimicrobial resistance. The action plan, titled ‘Changing the Culture 2019-2024: One Health’, encourages the responsible use of antimicrobials through preventive measures such as improved hygiene, effective vaccination and biosecurity, stronger laboratory capacity and disease surveillance, and investment in innovative therapies and rapid diagnostics. The report highlights there has already been an overall reduction in the livestock sector of 40% between 2013 and 2017. Read More

Washington State: ban on caged egg production by the end of 2023

9 May, 2019 Washington State Gov. Jay Inslee has signed into law a ban on caged egg production by the end of 2023. The new law was passed in large part due to the advocacy of the Humane Society of the United States, which collaborated with both Democratic and Republican legislators and key stakeholders in the agricultural sector.
The measure builds upon previous work in states like California and Massachusetts where voters have passed transformational ballot measures against the cage confinement of farm animals in recent years. Read More

China chicken prices jump on supply shortage

27 April, 2019 Chicken prices are surging as consumers try to substitute poultry for pork and Chinese farmers cull pig herds to combat a nationwide outbreak of African Swine Fever. But chickens remain in short supply.
China has faced a chicken shortage since 2016 and the scarcity could get worse this year, driving up the price of chicken meat in the months ahead. Poultry imports from the United States and France have been banned in China since 2016 in the wake of an Avian Influenza oubreak in those countries in December 2014. The ban has produced a sharp drop in the supply of white-feather “grandparent” stock. According to official data, total output of live chickens on the mainland has dropped from around 6 billion birds in 2016 to 5.72 billion in 2017 and 4.16 billion last year. Read More

Eurogroup for animals - broiler chicken welfare

25 April, 2019 This is what adults in 7 EU countries (UK, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Poland and Belgium) think about the living conditions of broilers. A survey commissioned by Eurogroup for Animals from ComRes.
-Nearly all (96%) respondents across the seven European countries included in this research say that they eat chicken, with two thirds (66%) saying they eat chicken once a week or more.
-Three in ten (62%) respondents say they prefer to buy ethically sourced chicken (including free-range, organic, animal welfare certified or locally sourced chicken). Read More

The economic impact of U.S. poultry industry

5 April, 2019 The U.S. Poultry & Egg Association (USPOULTRY), National Chicken Council, National Turkey Federation and United Egg Producers have released an updated economic impact study that highlights the positive impact the poultry industry has on jobs, wages, and federal and state revenue in the United States. A dynamic and integral part of the national economy, the U.S. poultry industry provides 1,984,784 jobs, $108.9 billion in wages, $495.1 billion in economic activity and $38.5 billion in government revenue. Since the last study conducted in 2016, the poultry industry has created 302,515 additional jobs, and the economic impact has increased by 11 percent. Read More

Delmarva poultry industry

5 April, 2019 Delmarva’s chicken industry increased its economic output by 18.6 percent in the past five years by producing 4.3 billion pounds of chicken worth $3.4 billion in 2018, according to new data released by Delmarva Poultry Industry, Inc.
The 20,425 chicken company employees on Delmarva earned $784 million in wages in 2018, and the region’s 1,302 chicken growers earned $268 million in contract income. Read More

Salmonella egg contamination could result in significant chicken cull

26 March, 2019 Hundreds of thousands of chickens may need to be destroyed after salmonella outbreak sparked a massive egg recall across Australia. The eggs were pulled from shelves across Victoria, New South Wales, Tasmania, South Australia and the ACT after salmonella-related illnesses were linked with the Bridgewater Poultry farm in central Victoria. Read More

Poultry meat production in Mexico

Gain report 26 March, 2019 The forecast for chicken meat production in 2019 remains at 3.6 million (MT). The forecast for chicken meat consumption in 2019 is 4.4 million MT based on continued strong demand from consumers and the processing industry. Poultry remains the most affordable animal protein for the low and mid-income population, accounting for 60 percent of animal protein consumption. The industry reports that per capita consumption of chicken continues to grow, increasing 2 percent in 2018 alone.
Total imports in 2018 were 820,000 MT, the United States continues to be the main source of chicken meat, supplying 86 percent of Mexico’s total chicken imports. Read More

Elanco Animal Health completes separation from Eli Lilly

25 March, 2019 Elanco Animal Health Incorporated announced that it is now a fully independent company. The completion of Eli Lilly and Company’s exchange offer completes the journey Elanco began in 2017 when its former parent company first announced the exploration of potential strategic alternatives for the 64-year-old animal health company. The exchange offer was 7.6x oversubscribed.
The share exchange was completed less than six months after Elanco’s IPO, when 19.8 percent of its shares were sold to the public. Read More

Poultry meat production in China

16 March, 2019 China’s 2019 chicken meat production is forecast at 12.65 million metric tons, representing 8-percent year on year growth. This increase is due primarily to the African Swine Fever (ASF) outbreak that began in August 2018, pushing consumers away from pork and towards poultry. While growing demand and high prices are expected to encourage increased domestic production, China’s continued HPAI bans against key suppliers of new poultry genetics (primarily France and the United States) continue to limit that growth, especially for white broilers. Due to unmet domestic demand, 2019 Chinese imports will grow by 32-percent to 450,000 MT, with the growth coming primarily from Brazil, Thailand, Poland, and Russia. Finally, exports are expected to remain steady at 455,000 MT as Chinese exporters fight to maintain market share overseas. Read More

South Africa: Frozen broiler imports rose from 368,201 tons in 2015 to 538,434 tons in 2018

23 February, 2019 Chicken imports reached a new record high in 2018 which placed further pressure on the local market, according to the South African Poultry Association (Sapa).
An imports report drawn up by Sapa based on official SA Revenue Service statistics showed that imports in 2018 totalled 538,434 tons, an increase on the previous record year of 2016, when 528,108 tons of chicken reached the country. Imports dipped slightly in 2017 due to outbreaks of avian influenza in the European Union (EU), which had been a major source of dumped chicken. However, Brazil quickly increased its exports, filling the gap left by EU producers and becoming the major source of both frozen broiler portions and of mechanically deboned meat (MDM) which is used in the food processing industry.Total frozen broiler imports rose from 368,201 tons in 2015 to 538,434 tons in 2018. Read More

Argentina bans production, importation, distribution and use of Colistin in veterinary products

18 February, 2019 Argentina has banned effective from 14 July the production, importation, distribution and use of veterinary products that contain as an active principle Colistin and its salts. This prohibition is aimed at preserving the efficacy of colistin in the treatment of multi-resistant bacterial infections in humans, in light of the significant resistance levels that animals intended for human consumption have developed to this antibiotic. Read More

FSA: Survey into slaughter methods in England and Wales - report

17 February, 2019 This report is based on a survey the Food Standards Agency (FSA) carried out at all slaughterhouses operating in England and Wales during the period 29th January 2018 to 4th February 2018 inclusive. The survey focused on throughput, slaughter methods (including stun and non-stun slaughter) and some additional areas such as where the livestock is sourced from and where the meat is distributed to including exports.
Broiler chicken was by far the most commonly slaughtered species. Out of the 18 million broiler chickens slaughtered, approximately 70% were gas stunned and 10% were slaughtered using non-stun methods, almost all of which were non-stun Halal including.
Over 800,000 spent hens were sla Read More

Ultraprocessed food consumption and risk of mortality

16 February, 2019 French researchers published a study in the JAMA Internal Medicine journal that found for every 10% increase in the amount of ultra-processed foods consumers eat, there is a 14% higher risk of early death. The study also found that consumption of ultra-processed foods has increased significantly over the last several decades to now more than 29% of total calories consumed. Most of these foods are ingested as snacks, desserts or ready-to-eat meals. Higher processed food consumption was linked to younger ages, lower incomes, lower educational levels, living alone, higher BMI's and lower physical activity levels. Read More

OIE: Annual report on antimicrobial agents

15 February, 2019 The OIE has taken the lead by creating a global database on the use of antimicrobial agents in animals, in the framework of the Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance. The very encouraging findings of this third round of data collection were presented at the Second OIE Global Conference on Antimicrobial Resistance: Putting Standards into Practice, which was held in Marrakech, Morocco from 29 to 31 October 2018, and the detailed results are provided in this report. In this third round of data collection, 153 Member Countries (of 181 Member Countries) and 2 nonOIE Member Countries responded to the OIE questionnaire, with 76% (118 out of 155 countries) providing quantitative data on antimicrobial agents intended for use in animals. Read More

UK: Antibiotic use and resistance in animals and people, 2013–2017

1 February, 2019 Antibiotic use:
- Based on use per ‘bodyweight’ (mg/kg: is the milligrams of active ingredient of antibiotics sold/used per kilogram of bodyweight of foodproducing animals or people in the UK), there was a reduction of 40% in food-producing animals (from 62 mg/kg to 37 mg/kg) and 9% in people (from 135 mg/kg to 123 mg/kg).
- In 2017, a total of 773 tonnes of antibiotic active ingredients was dispensed in the UK for use in people and animals. This represents an overall reduction of 19% between 2013 and 2017. Tonnage used dropped by 6% in people (521 to 491 tonnes) and by 35% in animals (436 to 282 tonnes) over this period.
- Use in people represented 55% of all use/sales in 2013 and 64% in 2017.
- Overall, 89% (17 tonnes) of highest priority critically important antibiotics (HP-CIAs) were used in people. Their use increased in people by 8% and decreased in animals by 51%. Read More

UK aims to cut antibiotics use in food-producing animals by 25%

25 January, 2019 The plan also sets out four measures of success to ensure progress towards our 20-year vision. These include, among others, targets to:
• halve healthcare associated Gram-negative blood stream infections;
• reduce the number of specific drug-resistant infections in people by 10% by 2025;
• reduce UK antimicrobial use in humans by 15% by 2024;
• reduce UK antibiotic use in food-producing animals by 25% between 2016 and 2020 and define new objectives by 2021 for 2025; Read More

Saudi Arabia suspends Brazil meatpackers

23 January, 2019 Saudi Arabia has revoked the export permits of 5 chicken plants in Brazil due to "technical" reasons, sending shares of top exporter BRF SA nearly 5 percent lower.
Saudi Arabia, Brazil's top buyer of fresh and processed chicken products, will maintain export permits for another 25 Brazilian chicken plants.
The move could be linked to the Brazilian government's intention to move Brazil's embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Read More

Belgium bans non-stun slaughter

12 January, 2019 The slaughter of animals without pre-stunning is set to be significantly reduced in Belgium after a ban came into effect in the north of the country. The ban in the Flanders region of the country was put in place on New Year’s Day, following on from legislation that was passed by Belgium’s parliament in July 2017. Similar restrictions are expected to be implemented in the country’s Wallonia region from September. Read More

US Supreme Court rejects challenge to California foie gras ban

8 January, 2019 The U.S. Supreme Court rejected the latest challenge to California's ban on foie gras, a delicacy produced from the enlarged livers of ducks and geese that have been force-fed corn.
The court declined to hear an appeal by producers of foie gras, including the Association des Eleveurs de Canards et d'Oies du Quebec, a Canadian nonprofit that represents duck and goose farmers. In doing so, the high court left intact a 2017 ruling by the San Francisco-based 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals upholding the law.
California enacted the law in 2004 but it did not go into effect until 2012. The Supreme Court in 2014 rejected an earlier appeal brought by producers and restaurants. Read More