What's New ? - 2019

What's New ? - 2019

Poultry production in Bulgaria

GAIN Report No. BU1928 17 August, 2019

Bulgaria’s poultry industry grew in 2018, despite 26 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) detections, particularly during October and November. To date in 2019, four detections in March and April occurred on small duck and egg farms. Currently no HPAI-related trade restrictions in place.
By early 2019, Bulgaria’s poultry inventory increased by 16 percent over 2018, largely because the industry has continued to consolidate and commercialize. The total number of farms declined by about 60 percent at the expense of small farms (up to 10,000 birds), while the number of larger farms grew by eight percent. The increase in inventory occurred at medium and large farms, which grew by 12 and 22 percent, respectively.
The latest data (January-April 2019) show an eight-percent increase of broiler slaughter and a 15-percent decrease in duck slaughter, resulting in three-percent of total in poultry meat output during the first four months of 2019 over the same period in 2018. In 2018, broiler meat output increased by 10.1 percent and accounted for 76 percent of commercially produced poultry meat, compared to 20 percent for duck meat. Non-commercial chicken meat production sharply declined by 46 percent. Despite the HPAI outbreaks at duck farms, duck meat output grew by 18.2 percent. Total poultry meat production (commercial and non-commercial) increased by 10.5 percent. 
Broiler Meat Output: 2018 broiler meat production was 87,000 MT. The average carcass weight was 1.7 kg.
Duck meat production increased by 18 percent to 23,000 MT. Non-commercial poultry meat production decreased by 36 percent and its share fell below two percent of total output.
Poultry consumption has increased due to higher purchasing power and perception that poultry is more healthful. In 2018, consumption reached 182,000 MT, a four-percent increase in consumption from 2017. In 2018, local supply accounted for 64 percent of consumption versus 62 percent in 2017 due to higher domestic production and stagnant imports.