Tiamulin is a semi-synthetic derivatives of pleuromutilin. Pleuromutilins are antibacterial agents that inhibit protein synthesis. They are active against Gram-positive bacteria such as streptococci and staphylococci, anaerobic bacteria and mycoplasmata.


Mechanism of action: Pleuromutilins act by inhibiting protein synthesis by binding to the 50S subunit of the bacterial ribosome. They are strong inhibitors of peptidyl transferase.


Pleuromutilin Clitopilus scyphoides  


Indications: Tiamulin is authorized for chickens for the treatment and prevention of chronic respiratory disease and airsacculitis caused by Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae; for turkeys for the treatment and prevention of infectious sinusitis and air-sacculitis caused by M. gallisepticum, Mycoplasma meleagridis and M. synoviae. Tiamulin has also been shown to be highly active against Ornithobacterium ehinotracheale.


Ducks: (1)
  160 to 320 mg/kg feed for poultry    
  30 to 60 mg/kg bw for 3 to 5 days in poultry 25 to 50 mg /kg bw 40 mg/kg/day 






Animals and birds should not receive products containing monensin, narasin or salinomycin, during or for at least seven days before or after treatment. Severe growth depression or death may result.
There is a strong interaction, even death, with the ionophore anticoccidials monensin, narasin and salinomycin when tiamulin is used at therapeutic levels, but this is dose-related and low doses do not interact. Tiamulin shows a milder interaction, such as temporary growth depression, with maduramicin and semduramicin but is compatible with lasalocid.  

None is absorbed from the GI tract so when used p.o. they are relatively

Withdrawal: Chickens: 2 days
Turkeys: 5 days
Ducks: 6 days


Resistance Resistance derives from chromosomal mutations in the 23S rRNA and rplC genes. These chromosomal mutations emerge relatively slowly and in a stepwise fashion and are not transferred horizontally.  Resistance genes can be located on plasmids or transposons like the vga genes and the cfr gene. This type of resistance is transferable between bacteria and bacterial species. The mechanism of antimicrobial resistance varies according to the bacterial species investigated.


Drug-Drug Interctions Combined administration of tiamulin and monensin may lead to intoxication manifested in severe clinical symptoms. Tiamulin metabolite complex with cytochrome P450 has been suggested to be the basis of drug-interactions. The clinical signs, pathological and biochemical changes caused by the simultaneous application of both compounds resembled to those induced by monensin alone in high doses indicating the causative role of the ionophore or its metabolite(s) in the toxic interaction.


Comments: Tiamulin may be used in laying and breeding birds as it has been shown to have no adverse effects on egg production, fertility and hatchability in chickens and turkeys.


(1) Elazab, Sara T., et al. "Tissue Residues and Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Modeling of Tiamulin Against Mycoplasma anatis in Ducks." Frontiers in Veterinary Science 7 (2020): 1015.