Infectious Diseases 2022

Infectious Diseases 2022

Avian influenza: the situation in France

24 February, 2022

Since the beginning of August, many outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have been detected in wildlife or in farms in Europe, particularly along the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. In recent months, the health authorities of many Member States (the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, etc.) have notified outbreaks in poultry farms (turkeys and broiler chickens, laying hens). Twenty-nine countries are now affected across the whole of the European continent, which has recorded nearly 400 outbreaks in livestock and 700 cases in wildlife.
France: A first outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza was detected on 26 November in a commercial laying hen farm in the commune of Warhem, in the Nord department . This is the first case on farms since last winter's epizootic which lasted until spring 2021. Several other farms have since been affected and new cases have been detected in wildlife.
On December 16, an H5N1 type outbreak was confirmed in a farm of ducks ready to force-feed in the town of Manciet, in the Gers. This is the first poultry outbreak highlighted in the Southwest since the start of this new episode.
Number of outbreaks and confirmed cases in France: As of February 24, 2022, France has had 369 outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in livestock, 34 cases in wildlife and 17 cases in backyards. Almost 4.18 million birds have been culled since the outbreak began in November last year, including 3.44 million in south-west France,