What's New ? - 2022

What's New ? - 2022

UK: Veterinary antibiotic sales continue to decline

UK-VARSS 11 November, 2022

UK sales of veterinary antibiotics for food-producing animals in 2021 were the lowest recorded to date: 28.3 mg/kg, adjusted for animal population. This represents a 6% (2.0 mg/kg) decrease from 2020 and a 55% (34.0 mg/kg) decrease from 2014. Sales of Highest Priority Critically Important Antibiotics (HP-C I As) for food-producing animals reduced for the seventh consecutive year and were 0.12 mg/kg in 2021, a reduction of 83% (0.6 mg/kg) since 2014 and accounting for 0.4% of the total antibiotic sales.
Meat Poultry: In 2021, the British Poultry Council (BPC) reported the use of 17.3 tonnes of active ingredient. This is a 3.8 tonne decrease since 2020 and a 73% decrease (46.2 tonnes) since 2014.
When considering the size of the animal population, antibiotic usage in the chicken sector decreased by 2.6 mg/kg to 13.7 mg/kg between 2020 and 2021. This represents a 72% decrease (35.1 mg/kg) since data was first published in 2014 and remains below the sector target of 25 mg/kg. Between 2020 and 2021, antibiotic use in the turkey sector increased by 16.8 mg/kg to 42.6 mg/kg, which is similar to levels that were seen in 2019. Despite this increase, use in turkeys has reduced by 81%(177.0 mg/kg) since 2014 and remains below the sector target of 50 mg/kg. Between 2020 and 2021, the duck sector demonstrated a decrease in usage of 0.9 mg/kg to 1.7 mg/kg, and antibiotic use has now decreased by 89% (13.4 mg/kg) since 2014. Penicillins remain the most-used antibiotic class in meat poultry. In 2021, 71% of active ingredient use was for penicillins (>99% of which is amoxicillin), compared with 31% in 2014. The use of penicillins increased every year between 2017 and 2020, but decreased by 2.8 tonnes between 2020 and 2021. Tetracycline use has now dropped forthe second year running (by 2.3 tonnes since 2019). By contrast, use of lincomycins has increased for the second year running (up by 1.0 tonnes since 2019), which means this isnow the second-most-used antibiotic class, accounting for 15% of antibiotic use in 2021.
When considering the size of the animal population, use of HP-CIAs increased by 0.04mg/kg since 2020 to 0.05 mg/kg in 2021. However, HP-CIA use in meat poultry is still 96% lower than when data was first published in 2014. Colistin and third and fourth generation cephalosporins were not used by the meat poultry sectors in 2021. In 2021, the use of fluoroquinolones increased by 44.5 kg since 2020 to 56.6 kg, although this only represents 0.3% of overall use. This is due to an increase in fluoroquinolone use in broilers (from 0.001 mg/kg in 2020 to 0.05 mg/kg in 2021). Fluoroquinolone use in turkeys has reduced (from 0.08 mg/kg in 2020 to 0.006 mg/kg in 2021).