What's New ? - 2021

What's New ? - 2021

UK veterinary antibiotic resistance and sales surveillance report 2020

10 November, 2021

Sales of veterinary antibiotics for use in food-producing animals, adjusted for animal population, were 30.1 mg/kg; a 0.3 mg/kg (1%) decrease since 2019 and a 32.2 mg/kg (52%) decrease since 2014. Pharmaceutical companies have reported the quantity of authorised veterinary antibiotics sold throughout the UK to the VMD since 1993; this has been a statutory requirement since 2005.Sales of Highest Priority Critically Important Antibiotics (HP-CIAs) in food-producing animals account for 0.5% of total sales and have dropped by 0.03 mg/kg since 2019 and0.5 mg/kg (79%) since 2014. In 2020 the total quantity of antibiotic active ingredient sold in the UK was 226.0 tonnes. Sales of HP-CIAs reduced by 0.18 tonnes between 2019 and 2020 (from an already low level) and have now fallen by 3.7 tonnes (77%) since 2014. Tetracyclines remain the most sold antibiotic class (32% of total sales), followed by beta-lactams (29% of total sales). Sales of HP-CIAs in all animal species represent a small proportion (0.48%) of the overall antibiotic sales.
▪ Laying hens - A total of 3.1 tonnes of antibiotic active ingredient was used by the laying hen industry in 2020. This represents 0.47 actual bird days treated/100 bird days at risk (% bird days), a decrease of 0.21 (31%) and 0.19 (29%) since 2019 and 2016 respectively and below the sector target of 1%. (The ‘actual daily bird days/100 bird days at risk’ represent the average number of days treatment administered per chicken over a 100-day period).
▪ Broilers – Total usage reduced by 1.2 mg/kg between 2019 and 2020 to 16.3 mg/kg, and usage has now reduced 67% since 2014. HP-CIA use was 0.001 mg/kg.
▪ Turkeys – Total usage reduced by 16.3 mg/kg to 25.7 mg/kg, which represents an 88% reduction since 2014. HP-CIA use also dropped from 0.11 mg/kg to 0.08 mg/kg.
▪ Ducks – Total usage increased by 0.9 mg/kg to 2.6 mg/kg since 2019. No HPCIAs were used by the sector.

 

Related Links
Link The report