What's New ? - 2019

What's New ? - 2019

UK: Antibiotic use and resistance in animals and people, 2013–2017

1 February, 2019

Antibiotic use:
- Based on use per ‘bodyweight’ (mg/kg: is the milligrams of active ingredient of antibiotics sold/used per kilogram of bodyweight of foodproducing animals or people in the UK), there was a reduction of 40% in food-producing animals (from 62 mg/kg to 37 mg/kg) and 9% in people (from 135 mg/kg to 123 mg/kg).
- In 2017, a total of 773 tonnes of antibiotic active ingredients was dispensed in the UK for use in people and animals. This represents an overall reduction of 19% between 2013 and 2017. Tonnage used dropped by 6% in people (521 to 491 tonnes) and by 35% in animals (436 to 282 tonnes) over this period.
- Use in people represented 55% of all use/sales in 2013 and 64% in 2017.
- Overall, 89% (17 tonnes) of highest priority critically important antibiotics (HP-CIAs) were used in people. Their use increased in people by 8% and decreased in animals by 51%.
Antibiotic resistance: 
- For food-producing animals, no resistance was detected in Escherichia coli or Salmonella spp. to colistin, and very low or no resistance was detected respectively to 3 rd generation cephalosporins. There was low resistance level to fluoroquinolones for E. coli and only very low resistance for Salmonella spp.
- For people, resistance level to 3rd generation cephalosporins and to fluoroquinolones was moderate for E. coli, and was low and moderate respectively for Salmonella spp. Resistance level to colistin was low in both E. coli and Salmonella spp. 
- For people, retail chicken meat and food-producing animals, resistance level to fluoroquinolones was high for Campylobacter jejuni. Resistance to erythromycin was low in C. jejuni isolates from people and retail chicken meat and very low in isolates from foodproducing animals.

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