Infectious Diseases 2018

Infectious Diseases 2018

Infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the EU/EEA in 2015

7 November, 2018

Infections due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria are threatening modern health care. However, estimating their incidence, complications, and attributable mortality is challenging. A new study aimed to estimate the burden of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria of public health concern in countries of the EU and European Economic Area (EEA) in 2015, measured in number of cases, attributable deaths, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). The study, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, estimates that about 33,110 people die each year as a direct consequence of an infection due to bacteria resistant to antibiotics and that the burden of these infections is comparable to that of influenza, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS combined.
These estimates corresponded to an incidence of 131 (113–149) infections per 100,000 population and an attributable mortality of 6·44 (5·54–7·48) deaths per 100,000 population, causing 170 (150–192) DALYs per 100,000 population.