Infectious Diseases 2018

Infectious Diseases 2018

A Salmonella Enteritidis outbreak in Canada

3 June, 2018

The Public Health Agency of Canada is collaborating with provincial public health partners, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Health Canada to investigate an outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections in eight provinces with cases of human illness linked to poultry, including frozen raw breaded chicken products.
As part of this outbreak investigation, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency has issued a food recall warning for the following product:
No Name brand Chicken Burgers (1kg), with a best before date of February 6, 2019. The product was distributed nationally. Currently, there are 59 cases of Salmonella Enteritidis illness in eight provinces: British Columbia (6), Alberta (8), Manitoba (9), Ontario (14), Quebec (19), New Brunswick (1), Nova Scotia (1), and New found land and Labrador (1). Ten people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported. Individuals became sick between March and May 2018. The average age of cases is 34 years, with ages ranging from 1 to 82 years. Based on the investigation findings to date, exposure to poultry, including frozen raw breaded chicken products, has been identified as a source of illness. Several of the ill individuals involved in the outbreak reported having eaten "No Name" brand chicken burgers before their illness occurred. A food sample of "No Name" brand Chicken Burgers (1kg), with a best before date of February 6, 2019, tested positive for Salmonella Enteritidis. The positive food sample had the same genetic fingerprint (using whole genome sequencing) as cases of human illness reported in this outbreak. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency has issued a food recall warning for the product and is working with industry to ensure that the product is removed from the retail market. Loblaw Companies Ltd. initiated a nationwide recall for the “no name”  raw chicken product on June 2, according to a notice posted by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. 
The investigation is ongoing, and it is possible that more products linked to the outbreak investigation will be identified. The public health notice will be updated as the investigation evolves.