Infectious Diseases 2018

Infectious Diseases 2018

Campylobacter in Scotland, 2017

14 March, 2018

Food poisoning cases from Campylobacter found in chickens are on the rise in Scotland.
Nearly 6000 people in Scotland were sickened by campylobacter in 2017, up nine per cent on the previous year, while confirmed cases of salmonella remained stable at 839.
The bug is believed to be the number one cause of food poisoning annually in the UK every year, and it has been estimated to claim 100 lives a year. Although it is most commonly found in poultry, it can also be passed to human through red meat, mushroom, shellfish, unpasteurised milk and untreated water.
The Health Protection Scotland (HPS) statistics show that there were 5796 laboratory-confirmed cases of campylobacter in Scotland in 2017, up by 485 (9.1 per cent) on 2016.
The increase follows a decline during each of the previous two years. However, it still remains below the peak of 6636 reports in 2014, the last year in which an outbreak of campylobacter was recorded. Infection rates on the mainland during 2017 varied from 87.4 per 100,000 population in Ayrshire and Arran to 174.6 in the Borders, although the biggest year-on-year increase occurred in Forth Valley. Meanwhile, cases of food poisoning caused by salmonella have levelled off. In 2017, there were 838 confirmed cases, almost unchanged from 839 in 2016. This is below the peak in 2008, when there were more than a thousand confirmed cases.
The prevalence ranged in 2017 from 20.1 per 100,000 in Dumfries and Galloway to 7.1 per 100,000 in Highland.