Infectious Diseases 2018

Infectious Diseases 2018

Avian Influenza A(H5N1) virus in Lebanon 2016

EID Vol 24, Number 2 - February 2018 9 January, 2018

In Lebanon, no cases of infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus were reported in poultry or humans before 2016. On April 20, 2016, the Lebanon Ministry of Agriculture confirmed the presence of avian influenza A(H5N1) virus on 2 poultry farms in Nabi Chit village located in the Bekaa region, adjacent to the border of Lebanon with Syria. The Ministry of Agriculture culled all domestic birds within a 3-km radius of infected farms. A total of 60,000 birds were culled from 7 farms (including the 2 infected farms) and 10 households with backyards. All farms were disinfected, and organic remains were disposed safely. Indemnity was provided to farmers by the Higher Relief Council.
Epidemiologic investigations indicated that illegal movement of animals was the possible source of infections. The isolated virus (clade 2.3.2.1c) was similar to that detected in wild and domestic birds in Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey during January−March 2015.