Infectious Diseases 2017

Infectious Diseases 2017

New cases of salmonella linked to Polish eggs

30 June, 2017

Since the ECDC and EFSA joint rapid outbreak assessment was published on 7 March 2017, six EU Member States (Belgium, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom) have reported 50 confirmed and 12 probable new cases associated with the multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type 8 infections (MLVA profiles 2-9-7-3-2 and 2-9-6-3-2) ongoing in the EU/EEA. In addition, twelve probable cases have been reclassified as confirmed.
The UK has reported 47 of the 63 outbreak cases since March. From May 2016 to 26 June 2017, 14 EU countries had 280 confirmed and 257 probable cases. The outbreak peaked in the last week of September 2016 when around 60 cases were reported. From 2012 to 31 March 2016, 107 historical confirmed and 24 probable cases were also reported. Croatia recorded the death of a five year old child and Hungary also noted a fatal case. Fourteen countries have been affected: Croatia, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Slovenia, Belgium, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and the UK.
The outbreak investigation identified eggs from three Polish packing centres as the vehicle of infection. Following control measures in Poland in November 2016, new outbreak cases decreased. Fermy Drobiu Woźniak (Wozniak Poultry Farms) was named as the supplier of contaminated eggs by several national authorities.
Since March, the number of newly reported cases has increased: 63 outbreak cases, 53 confirmed and 10 probable. The isolates from the confirmed cases belonged to both whole genome sequencing clusters associated with the outbreak. Confirmed cases with a travel history to Portugal have only been seen since mid-April 2017. ECDC said it was plausible that Portugal, which had not reported outbreak cases so far, has only recently been affected by the outbreak.