HPAI H5N1 virus in Lebanon, 2016 - phylogenetic analysis
On 22nd April, 2016 a highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus was detected for the first time in Lebanon. The virus had infected two chicken layers farms which were very close to each other and located less than 10km from the Syrian border, in one of Lebanon’s most important farming regions, the Bekaa valley. The first outbreak was detected in Nabichit in a poultry farm of 80,000 animals. A second outbreak (126,000 layers) was notified within the protection zone in Sariin Tehta. The whole-genome sequencing analysis revealed that the Lebanese H5N1 virus belongs to genetic clade 184.108.40.206c and clusters with viruses from Europe and West-Africa.