Infectious Diseases 2018

Infectious Diseases 2018

EU: Prevalence of the Salmonella-positive laying hen flocks in laying flocks -2017

16 December, 2018 All MS and three non-MS reported Salmonella National Control Programmes data for laying hen flocks. Salmonella was found in 3.70% (or 1,361) of the flocks, compared with 3.71% in 2016. The prevalence of flocks positive for any of the two target serovars was 1.11% (410 flocks), compared with 1.44% in 2016. So, 30.1% (410 out of 1,361) of reported Salmonella-positive laying hen flocks were positive for target serovars. Six MS and two non-MS reported no single flock positive for target serovars. Read More

Report on zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks 2017

EFSA / ECDC 14 December, 2018 There were only minor fluctuations in reported cases of three main zoonotic diseases in the European Union (EU) last year compared with 2016. The number of reported cases of salmonellosis and campylobacteriosis has remained stable over the past five years, although listeriosis continues to rise. These are the main findings of the annual report on trends and sources of zoonoses published by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Read More

More H5N8 cases in Iran

13 December, 2018 H5N8 avian influenza outbreaks strike Iranian poultry farms. Iran's agriculture ministry has reported three more highly pathogenic H5N8 outbreaks in poultry. The detections occurred at three different locations in East Azarbayejan province in the country's far northwest. Read More

UK: Campylobacter levels remain steady

10 December, 2018 The top nine retailers across the UK have published their latest testing results on campylobacter contamination in UK-produced fresh whole chickens (covering samples tested from July to September 2018).
The latest figures show that on average, across the major retailers, 3.5% of chickens tested positive for the highest level of contamination.
These are the chickens carrying more than 1,000 colony forming units per gram (cfu/g) of campylobacter. The corresponding figure for the previous set of results (April - June 2018) was 3.7%, while for the first publication (July-September 2017) it was 4.6%. Read More

Taking Salmonella seriously

29 November, 2018 The Consumer Federation of America (CFA) released an in-depth analysis of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) regulation of Salmonella in raw meat and poultry. The report examines the legal and scientific foundations for USDA policy on Salmonella, and the consequences of that policy for public health. The report explains the discrepancy between federal regulators’ treatment of Salmonella and that of other pathogens considered “adulterants,” such as E. coli O157:H7, and shows how the policy gap has resulted in poor compliance and stymied progress on reducing the stubbornly high rate Salmonella infections. USDA has claimed that the law restricts how it enforces Salmonella rules. Read More

Bulgaria: avian influenza in 2018

23 November, 2018 One million domestic birds have been affected by avian influenza in 2018. Since 2006, 23 outbreaks of avian influenza have been detected in mallards in Bulgaria, while in poultry the disease was first registered in 2015, with one outbreak. The occurrence increased in subsequent years to 53 cases in 2017. For the present year 26 cases had affected 20 industrial farms with over 1 million birds, mostly hen farms. The strategy for dealing with the situation aims at prevention, early detection and measures to prevent the spread of the infection. Read More

Epidemiological update: Salmonella in eggs from Poland

ECDC 20 November, 2018 Overall, 1,412 cases have been found associated with this outbreak: 532 confirmed and 166 probable cases since 1 February 2017 and 343 historical-confirmed and 367 historical-probable cases between 2012 and 31 January 2017. Most outbreak cases were reported during the summer months. Due to reporting delays, additional cases are expected to be reported with onset in recent months.
A total of 112 confirmed or historical-confirmed cases were reported with travel history in an EU country during the incubation period and therefore were likely infected there. Countries where infections likely took place were Poland (25 cases identified from 2016 to 2018), Bulgaria (22 cases from 2015 to 2018), Cyprus (14 cases in 2016 and 2018), Portugal (11 cases from 2015 to 2017) and Hungary (10 cases from 2016 to 2018). Additional travel-associated cases were also reported (<10 cases per country) with travel history to Austria, Belgium, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovenia and Spain. Read More

Jennie-O Turkey Store Sales, LLC: Recall of raw ground turkey products due to Salmonella

15 November, 2018 Jennie-O Turkey Store Sales, LLC, a Barron, Wis. establishment, is recalling approximately 91,388 pounds of raw ground turkey products that may be associated with an illness outbreak of Salmonella Reading.
FSIS, and its public health partners, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Arizona Department of Health Services, have been conducting traceback activities for a sample of Jennie-O brand ground turkey in an intact, unopened package from a case-patient’s home. Read More

Report: the sources of foodborne illnesses for 2016

13 November, 2018 The Interagency Food Safety Analytics Collaboration (IFSAC) released a report titled “Foodborne illness source attribution estimates for 2016 for Salmonella, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, and Campylobacter using multi-year outbreak surveillance data, United States.” The authors used outbreak data to produce new estimates for foods responsible for foodborne illnesses caused by four pathogens in 2016. CDC estimates that, together, these four pathogens cause 1.9 million foodborne illnesses in the United States each year.For the 2016 report, IFSAC analyzed data from just over 1,000 foodborne disease outbreaks that occurred from 1998 through 2016 to assess which categories of foods were most responsible for Salmonella, E. coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, and Campylobacter infections. Read More

South Africa: eggs suspected in Durban's Salmonella outbreak

10 November, 2018 In a post on its Facebook page, Old Town Italy says: Taking into account the recent public media regarding the outbreak in KZN of salmonella, we as Old Town Italy KZN have decided, as a precautionary measure, that we will not be serving eggs on our breakfast menu or in any uncooked form until the investigations into all cases with Old Town Italy have come to a definitive result. Please know we are doing our absolute best to get back to all customers who have come forward. We thank you all for your patience and support. Read More

CDC: Outbreak of salmonella infections linked to raw turkey products

9 November, 2018 As of November 5, 2018, 164 people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Reading have been reported from 35 states. 63 people have been hospitalized, and one death has been reported from California. Epidemiologic and laboratory evidence indicates that raw turkey products from a variety of sources are contaminated with Salmonella Reading and are making people sick. In interviews, ill people report eating different types and brands of turkey products purchased from many different locations. Three ill people lived in households where raw turkey pet food was fed to pets. The outbreak strain has been identified in samples taken from raw turkey pet food, raw turkey products, and live turkeys. A single, common supplier of raw turkey products or of live turkeys has not been identified. The outbreak strain was also found in samples from raw turkey products from 22 slaughter and 7 processing facilities. Read More

Avian Influenza (H5N8) in Bulgaria

DEFRA 9 November, 2018 The Bulgarian authorities have now reported 24 outbreaks of HPAI H5N8, including 9 outbreaks in October (OIE, 2018). These outbreaks in October have been reported in commercial premises with laying hens (39,000) and ducks (between 1,000 birds and 16,000 birds), small commercial farms (fewer than 500 birds) and one very large commercial premises (130,000 birds). Four regions have been affected to date (Plovidiv, Haskovo, Jambol and Dobric). Read More

Infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the EU/EEA in 2015

7 November, 2018 Infections due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria are threatening modern health care. However, estimating their incidence, complications, and attributable mortality is challenging. A new study aimed to estimate the burden of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria of public health concern in countries of the EU and European Economic Area (EEA) in 2015, measured in number of cases, attributable deaths, and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). The study, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, estimates that about 33,110 people die each year as a direct consequence of an infection due to bacteria resistant to antibiotics and that the burden of these infections is comparable to that of influenza, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS combined. Read More

H5N8 in South Africa

6 November, 2018 South Africa's agriculture ministry reported an HPAI H5N8 outbreak at a commercial ostrich farm in Western Cape province in the south of the country.
South Africa has had several H5N8 outbreaks since the middle of 2017, and it reported its last outbreak involving the strain on Sep 17. Read More

Minnesota: H5N2 in turkeys

2 November, 2018 The Minnesota Board of Animal Health has identified another case of low-pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza in turkeys (13 week old hens). H5N2 was found by routine surveillance testing in a turkey flock in Stearns County. The farm will be allowed to market the turkeys once the birds test negative for the disease. Read More

Avian Influenza A(H5N6) in domestic cats, South Korea

EID Vol. 24, No. 12 - Dec. 2018 30 October, 2018 The 2016-17 winter season saw epidemics of HPAI A(H5N6) in domestic poultry and wild birds in South Korea. At the end of December 2016, three carcasses of cats were submitted from areas near H5N6 virus–infected chicken farms in Pocheon. The cats had shown sudden clinical signs of salivation, lethargy, convulsion, and bloody discharge around the mouth and jaws and died within 4 days after illness onset despite antimicrobial drug treatment. H5N6 virus infection was diagnosed. It seems likely that the neurotropism of H5N6 virus was a key factor contributing to the sudden death of these cats. Read More

Bulgaria: avian influenza at two duck farms

30 October, 2018 Bulgaria’s food safety agency reported an outbreak of the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus on two duck farms in southern Bulgaria. All ducks in the farms in the village of Malevo and the village of Garvanovo will be culled to prevent the spread of the disease, which was confirmed by laboratory tests. Read More

FSIS plans to give more information on Salmonella

30 October, 2018 The US Dept. of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) said it would begin to post individual establishment Salmonella performance standard category information for raw chicken parts and comminuted poultry products. The agency stated it plans to start posting data on Nov. 23 and will issue a Federal Register notice describing how the agency is changing its categorization. Read More

Canada: chicken burgers recalled due to possible salmonella

29 October, 2018 The Canadian Food Inspection Agency says Sofina Foods Inc. is recalling Janes brand Pub Style Chicken Burgers from the marketplace due to possible salmonella contamination, including one in B.C.
In its recall warning the CFIA says Salmonella investigations led by the Public Health Agency of Canada have linked frozen raw breaded chicken products to 25 illnesses in nine provinces. Read More

Avian influenza H5/H7 vaccination in poultry - China, 2017-18

EID Vol. 25, No. 1-January 2019 27 October, 2018 Human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus have been documented in China since 2013. Among 1,220 confirmed H7N9 case-patients during 2013-2017, a total of 73% reported poultry exposure, and 57% had visited live poultry markets (LPMs) before symptom onset. Because of the lack of apparent clinical signs in poultry infected with low pathogenicity H7N9 influenza virus, it has been challenging to rapidly identify and remove infected poultry at the LPMs or farms and to justify implementation of mandatory vaccination of poultry against this virus. Interventions such as market closure during human epidemics have temporarily reduced human exposure to live poultry and decreased zoonotic infection risk. However, the effect was not sustainable because H7N9 viruses continue to circulate within the LPM supply chain, leading to recurrent waves of human infections in winter months . Read More

Unsafe food in LMICs costs $110 billion a year - World Bank

26 October, 2018 The impact of unsafe food costs low- and middle-income economies about $110 billion in lost productivity and medical expenses each year, according to the World Bank.
The study, supported by the United States Food and Drug Administration, found some costs could be avoided through practical and often low-cost behavior and infrastructure changes at points along food value chains.
The total productivity loss associated with FBD in LMICs (Lower-middle-income countries) is estimated at US$95.2 billion a year. Of this, upper-middle-income countries account for US$50.8 billion,or 53 percent of the total. Lower-middle-income countries account for US$40.6 billion (43 percent), and low-income countries for US$3.8 billion (4 percent). Read More

Minnesota: Avian influenza in a turkey flock

24 October, 2018 The Minnesota Board of Animal Health has confirmed low pathogenic avian influenza in a commercial turkey flock in Kandiyohi County. H5N2 was confirmed in a flock of 40,000 turkeys. The flock has been quarantined but has shown no signs of illness. Read More

New outbreaks of avian influenza in Bulgaria

19 October, 2018 Bulgaria reported two highly pathogenic H5 outbreaks, both in commercial poultry farms in Haskovo province in the south. The outbreaks started on Oct 17, nearly 150,000 birds are involved at the two facilities. Read More

Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella infantis infections linked to raw chicken products

18 October, 2018 According to the CDC, there have been a total of 92 cases, spanning 29 different states. Twenty-one of the 92 cases have led to hospitalization. The CDC said laboratory evidence indicates that raw chicken products contaminated with Salmonella infantis are making people ill. The CDC said those who are sick report eating different types and brands of chicken products that were purchased at various locations. Nearly 90% of cases report preparing or eating chicken products that were purchased raw, including ground chicken, chicken pieces, and whole chicken. The outbreak strain of Salmonella was found in live chickens and in many types of raw chicken products, indicating it might be widespread in the chicken industry. Read More

Switzerland: annual zoonoses report

17 October, 2018 Campylobacteriosis remained the most frequently recorded zoonosis in humans in 2017 with 7,219 cases confirmed by lab diagnosis. A slight decrease from the 7,688 cases recorded in the previous year. In most cases, infections happen by eating contaminated food, with poultry meat being the primary source.
The second most common zoonosis is salmonellosis with 1,848 cases of lab-confirmed cases reported in humans. The number of cases in 2017 increased compared to the 1,517 in the previous year. Read More

Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks United States- 2016 Annual Report

CDC 13 October, 2018 Foodborne diseases due to known pathogens are estimated to cause 9.4 million illnesses each year in the United States.
In 2016, 839 foodborne disease outbreaks were reported, resulting in 14,259 illnesses, 875 hospitalizations, 17 deaths, and 18 food product recalls. Norovirus was the most common cause of confirmed, single etiology outbreaks, accounting for 145 (36%) outbreaks and 3,794 (42%) illnesses. Salmonella was the next most common cause, accounting for 132 (33%) outbreaks and 3,047 (33%) illnesses. Read More

Italy: recall of eggs due to Salmonella enteritidis

11 October, 2018 The Ministry of Health has published a recall notice of three batches of free range hen's eggs from the Bosi Luigi farm.The cause is the presence of Salmonella enteritidis. The eggs recalled were produced by the Bosi Luigi farm of Bosi Costanza in the province of L'Aquila. Read More

Avian influenza detected at poultry farm in southern Bulgaria

6 October, 2018 Bulgaria has reported an outbreak of avian influenza virus on a farm in the southern district of Plovdiv. Due to the virus, found on a farm in the village of Manolsko Konare near the Balkan country's second-largest city of Plovdiv, all birds at the farm will be culled. Read More

Denmark: Campylobacter leading cause of foodborne infections

4 October, 2018 Campylobacter continued to be the cause of most of the registered foodborne infections in Denmark in 2017 with 4,257 cases of illness. The true number of cases is estimated to 50,000, because only a small proportion of cases seek medical care and is registered in the system. Each registered case of campylobacteriosis costs the Danish society about 250,000 DKK on average, which is a significant economic burden on society. Contaminated broiler meat is the most common source of campylobacteriosis acquired in Denmark, but other sources also play a role. These include consumption of contaminated water and unpasteurized milk as well as contact to pets. A rather large proportion of cases remains without a known source. Read More

Salmonellosis in Denmark

4 October, 2018 Human infections with Salmonella were at similar level in 2017 with 1,067 cases compared to the 1,074 cases in 2016. The two most common strains were S. Typhimurium, including monophasic strains, and S. Enteritidis, with incidences of 5.0/100,000 inhabitants and 3.9/100,000 inhabitants, respectively.
The monophasic S. Typhimurium strains were reported in animals and humans more often than non-monophasic strains. In animals, S. Typhimurium was found in all types of sources except Danish and imported beef, while S. Enteritidis was found in Danish pork batches, broiler and layer flocks, as well as imported duck and broiler meat. Read More

DANMAP: Antimicrobial use in animals has decreased four years in a row

4 October, 2018 The use of antimicrobials in animals in Denmark fell in 2017. This is one of the findings of the annual DANMAP report for 2017. In 2017, the total antimicrobial consumption (in kilos) in Danish animals was approximately 3% (3.4 tonnes) lower than in 2016, which is in line with the trend seen in the previous three years. Overall, the veterinary antimicrobial use has decreased approximately 14% from 2013 to 2017, which is equivalent to a reduction of more than 16 tonnes of antimicrobials. This is one of the findings of the annual DANMAP report for 2017 from Statens Serum Institut – the Danish national institute of public health – as well as the National Veterinary Institute and the National Food Institute at the Technical University of Denmark. Read More

Canada: Loblaw recalls chicken fries for possible salmonella

3 October, 2018 The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) said that grocery and drugstore chain Loblaw Cos Ltd was recalling certain $10 chicken fries due to Salmonella concerns. The recall was triggered by findings during an agency investigation into a foodborne illness outbreak. The four cases reported in Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec did not require hospitalization or cause death. Read More

Newcastle Disease virus in a live bird market in California

28 September, 2018 As part of enhanced surveillance for virulent Newcastle disease virus in exhibition birds, the virus was detected in a live bird market. As a result, the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) and the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) are conducting a comprehensive epidemiological investigation of the event with enhanced surveillance. State officials have quarantined the affected premises and implemented movement controls. The market has been depopulated and cleaned and disinfected. Read More

Evolution of H7N9 HP viruses in China in 2017

Shi et al., 2018, Cell Host & Microbe 24, 1–11 28 September, 2018 H7N9 low pathogenic influenza viruses emerged in China in 2013 and mutated to highly pathogenic strains in 2017, resulting in human infections and disease in chickens. To control spread, a bivalent H5/H7 inactivated vaccine was introduced in poultry in September 2017. To monitor virus evolution and vaccine efficacy, a group of researchers collected 53,884 poultry samples across China from February 2017 to January 2018. H7N9 HPAI viruses evolved into different genotypes. Genetic analysis of highly pathogenic strains revealed nine genotypes, one of which is predominant and widespread and contains strains exhibiting high virulence in mice. Additionally, some H7N9 and H7N2 viruses carrying duck virus genes are lethal in ducks. Read More

The 2017 RASFF annual report

27 September, 2018 The 2017 the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) annual reports provides a profound insight into the activity of the RASFF in 2017. The data on the notifications by the Member States are analysed and presented by country, type of food and type of hazard.
Fipronil in eggs, Salmonella in poultry meat from Brazil and Salmonella Enteritidis linked to Polish eggs dominated information exchanges between European countries in 2017. Read More

More H7 LPAI cases in Stanislaus County California

Source: Egg-News 22 September, 2018 The third and fourth poultry flocks in Stanislaus County, California have been reported as presumptive positive H7 strain applying PCR assay according to authorities in California. Samples from both flocks have been referred to the National Veterinary Services Laboratory (NVSL) in Ames IA. for confirmation and molecular characterization. The third flock was confirmed positive for H7 strain AI by PCR on September 19th 2018 by NVSL.
The third flock of 23,700 non-commercial mixed poultry (pastured chickens, ducks, and turkeys) was located within the 2-mile zone of the index flock of 26,000 turkeys diagnosed in Stanislaus County has been quarantined and hopefully confined to prevent further dissemination of AI virus. Read More

USA: Multistate Psittacosis outbreak among poultry plant workers, 2018

21 September, 2018 During August–September 2018, psittacosis cases were reported among workers at two poultry slaughter plants in Virginia and Georgia. A single corporation owns both plants. Chlamydia psittaci, was detected by a laboratory test in 10 people. Additional illnesses in workers at the two plants have been identified, although have not been confirmed by the laboratory. No deaths have been reported. Virginia and Georgia departments of health are conducting an investigation, and the number of cases is likely to change. Current evidence indicates that all of the people who have psittacosis work at poultry slaughter plants in two states: Virginia and Georgia. Investigators are still working to understand why the outbreak occurred. Read More

UK: liquid egg white product recalled due to Salmonella

18 September, 2018 Dr Zak's Barn Farmed Liquid Egg White is being recalled as salmonella has been found in the product. The Food Standards Agency (FSA) issued the recall yesterday (September 17).
A statement from the FSA says: "Dr Zak’s is recalling Barn Farmed Liquid Egg White because salmonella has been found in the product". Read More

Italy: Egg recall

15 September, 2018 The Italian ministry of Health has recalled eggs in shell: Ovo Fucens recalls Raw Shell Eggs (Best before 11-09-18 to 07-10-18) due to Salmonella Enteritidis contamination. Producer identification code: 006AQ702; Read More

UK: Campylobacter levels hold steady

14 September, 2018 The top nine retailers across the UK have published their latest testing results on campylobacter contamination in UK-produced fresh whole chickens (covering samples tested from April to June 2018).
The latest figures show that on average, across the major retailers, 3.7% of chickens tested positive for the highest level of contamination; these are the chickens carrying more than 1,000 colony forming units per gram (cfu/g) of campylobacter. The corresponding figure for the previous set of results (Jan-March 2018) was 3.8%, while for the first publication (July-September 2017) it was 4.6%. Read More

Canada: A warning about Salmonella in frozen chicken

14 September, 2018 The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has issued a notice about Salmonella illness linked to frozen breaded chicken products. There have been over 400 confirmed cases of salmonella infection in Canada from frozen raw breaded chicken products in the past 16 months.
According to the Public Health Agency of Canada, federal, provincial and territorial health and food safety partners have investigated 12 national outbreaks linked to raw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products, since June 2017.
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has issued recalls for seven products linked to some of the investigations. Read More

US: Avian Influenza at California turkey farm

14 September, 2018 The United States has reported an outbreak of the low pathogenic H7N3 avian influenza virus at a turkey farm in California. Read More

Audit finds Polish food companies’ tests for Salmonella are ineffective

9 September, 2018 A European audit was carried out in Poland from 6 to 15 February 2018 as part of the published Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety audit programme. The objective of the audit was to evaluate the actions taken by the Polish competent authority in order to control Salmonella, in particular the implementation of the Salmonella National Control Programmes in different poultry populations. Subsequent to the latest previous audit (2015) and the Salmonella outbreak of 2016, the Polish competent authorities have made several changes to the Salmonella National Control Programmes, to relevant national legal instruments, and to instructions and official checks related to the Salmonella National Control Programmes. Official controls in place respect (and sometimes exceed) the planned frequencies of on-site inspections, and detected and effectively imposed correction of food business operator non compliances with requirements. Verification of the performance of official controls is in pl Read More

Gravel Ridge Farms recalls cage free egg due to salmonella

9 September, 2018 Gravel Ridge Farms is recalling Cage Free Large Eggs due to a potential contamination of Salmonella. The recall was initiated because reported illnesses were confirmed at locations using Gravel Ridge Farm Eggs.
On 9/6/2018 the firm was notified by FDA that the product they supplied may be contaminated with Salmonella. Read More

Australia: Salmonella outbreak in Sydney prompts egg recall

8 September, 2018 In Australia, New South Wales (NSW) Food Authority advises that ‘Eggz on the Run’ is undertaking a voluntary recall of Glendenning Farms eggs as part of an investigation into human illness. A cluster of human cases of Salmonella Enteritidis, have been detected in the Sydney area. To date there have been 23 confirmed cases.
The NSW Food Authority is working with NSW Health in investigating the cluster. Read More

Surveillance for Foodborne Disease Outbreaks, US 2009–2015

Surveillance Summaries / July 27, 2018 / 67(10);1–11 (MMWR) 7 September, 2018 Approximately 800 foodborne disease outbreaks are reported in the United States each year, accounting for approximately 15,000 illnesses, 800 hospitalizations, and 20 deaths. Outbreak-associated foodborne illnesses are only a small subset of the estimated 9.4 million foodborne illnesses from known pathogens that occur annually in the United States. However, the food sources and exposure settings for illnesses that are not part of outbreaks can be determined only rarely. Outbreak investigations, on the other hand, often link etiologies with specific foods, allowing public health officials, regulatory agencies, and the food industry to investigate how foods become contaminated. Foodborne outbreak data also can be used to identify emerging food safety issues and to assess whether programs to prevent illnesses from particular foods are effective. Read More

FSA: antibiotic-resistant bacteria levels in chicken

7 September, 2018 Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a significant threat to public health as well as having amajor global economic impact and has been identified as a key priority, notonly by the UK government but by countries throughout the world. A systematic review of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the food chain by the Food Standards Agency (2016) concluded that there was a lack of data on AMR prevalence in British-produced food, leading to difficulty in monitoring trends or producing risk assessments for the exposure of consumers. A key recommendation from this review was to address these gaps in evidence by developing research and surveillance to monitor AMR levels in foodborne pathogens and commensal bacteria in poultry and pork meat. As a result, a short-term, cross-sectional surveillance study was carried out over a two month period to determine the prevalence of AMR in pathogenic and indicator bacteria isolated from fresh/frozen chicken (whole or portions) on retail sale in the United Kingd Read More

Strain of E. Coli spread from poultry to people

7 September, 2018 Escherichia coli sequence type 131 (ST131) has emerged rapidly to become the most prevalent extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli clones in circulation today.
The findings in a new study published in the journal mBio indicate that E. coli in fresh poultry can be passed to people, causing urinary tract infections (UTIs). While many people believe these common infections are a minor problem, invasive UTIs that involve the kidneys or blood can be life-threatening,
The findings support the hypothesis that the ST131-H22 strains that contaminate retail poultry products originate from food animal populations rather than humans. Read More

CDC: Kosher chicken linked to deadly salmonella outbreak

7 September, 2018 As of August 27, 2018, 17 sick people have been reported from four states (Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, and Virginia). Eight people have been hospitalized, including one person whose death was reported from New York. Illnesses in this outbreak started from September 25, 2017 to June 4, 2018.
CDC began investigating this outbreak in late June 2018 after the New York State Department of Health found several ill people reported eating kosher chicken. Epidemiologic and laboratory evidence indicates that some kosher chicken products are contaminated with Salmonella I 4,[5],12:i:- and have made people sick. In interviews, several ill people reported eating Empire Kosher brand chicken. Read More

FSIS Issues Public Health Alert for Empire Kosher Poultry

25 August, 2018 The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) and Empire Kosher Poultry, Inc. are issuing a public health alert out of an abundance of caution due to concerns about Salmonella illnesses reported in the northeastern and mid-Atlantic United States that may be associated with raw chicken products.
The Empire Kosher brand raw chicken items, which may include raw whole chicken, raw chicken parts, were produced and sold to consumers from September 2017 to June 2018.
On June 18, 2018, FSIS was notified of multiple Salmonella I 4,[5],12:i:- illnesses within the northeastern and mid-Atlantic United States. Read More

H5N2 HPAI poultry in Western Russia

Source: DEFRA 17 August, 2018 The Russian authorities have reported an outbreak of H5N2 HPAI in a commercial farm of nearly 500,000 birds in Kostromskaya region, NW Russia. According to the disease report, sequencing analysis showed the virus belonged to the Asia lineage (clade 2.3.3.4) which is the clade of H5 HPAI viruses which has been detected in multiple wild bird and poultry cases across Asia, Africa and Europe since 2014. There have been no human cases associated with H5N2 HPAI infection in areas where it circulates. Since early June, 67 outbreaks of H5 have been reported in commercial poultry across several regions of western Russia including Orlov, Saratov, Kur, Smolensk, Samar, Rostovand Penzen. In July, a new focus of circulating virus in Tatarstan, Nizhegorod, Chuvash, Udmurt, Ul’Yanov and Mariy-El regions was reported, in backyard flocks but there is no information on the full strain identification. Read More

Salmonella enteritidis in Italian eggs

11 August, 2018 In Italy, the Ministry of Health informed consumers about a recall of three batches of eggs due to Salmonella Enteritidis. Read More

Canada: Listeria in chicken breast strips

10 August, 2018 Pinty's Delicious Foods Inc. is recalling Pinty's brand Oven Roasted Chicken Breast Strips (sold refrigerated) from the marketplace due to possible Listeria monocytogenes contamination. Read More

McDonald's: Listeria found in chicken Caesar salad in France

3 August, 2018 A major listeria outbreak has hit McDonald's in France, and could have spread to 350 locations. McDonald's branches in France have announced the presence of listeria in Chicken Caesar salads sold between July 9 and July 14. The fast food chain made a public recommendation on Wednesday August 1 that customers consult a doctor should certain symptoms appear. "As a precaution and only in the case of fever (whether or not accompanied by headaches), we recommend any customers who consumed a Chicken Caesar salad on the dates mentioned in any of the McDonald's branches listed, to consult a physician." Read More

Loblaw recalls chicken nuggets due to Salmonella risk

21 July, 2018 Loblaw Companies Limited is recalling certain No Name brand Chicken Nuggets from the marketplace due to possible Salmonella contamination.
This recall was triggered by findings by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) during its investigation into a foodborne illness outbreak. The CFIA is conducting a food safety investigation, which may lead to the recall of other products.
There has been one reported illness associated with the consumption of this product. In addition, there has been one reported illness that may be associated with the consumption of this product. Read More

H5N8 avian influenza case in Riyadh

21 July, 2018 The Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture (MEWA) stated that H5N8 avian influenza virus was reported at Azizia bird market in Riyadh. The case was detected following surveillance of bird markets in the Kingdom.
The ministry has closed the bird market, prevented the movement of birds in the market, and disposed of the birds in a safe and efficient manner. Read More

Newcastle Disease was detected in Belgium

21 July, 2018 Newcastle disease (ND) has been detected in 3 commercial poultry premises in the east Flanders region of Belgium. Read More

Multistate outbreak of Salmonella infections linked to raw turkey products

20 July, 2018 Ninety people infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Reading have been reported from 26 states.
Forty people have been hospitalized, and no deaths have been reported. Epidemiologic and laboratory evidence indicates that raw turkey products from a variety of sources are contaminated with Salmonella Reading and are making people sick. In interviews, ill people report eating different types and brands of turkey products purchased from many different locations. Two ill people lived in a household where raw turkey pet food was fed to pets. The outbreak strain has been identified in samples taken from raw turkey pet food, raw turkey products, and live turkeys. A single, common supplier of raw turkey products or of live turkeys has not been identified. The outbreak strain of Salmonella Reading is present in live turkeys and in many types of raw turkey products, indicating it might be widespread in the turkey industry. Read More

H5N8 in Bulgaria

9 July, 2018 Bulgaria had not reported any H5N8 cases in poultry since early March until an outbreak on a commercial duck farm in the Drobrich region on the 25 May following an increase in mortality. This premises also had H5N8 HPAI outbreak earlier in October 2017. The same or very similar virus appears to have been maintained at low level in this area raising the issue of the effectiveness of secondary cleansing and disinfection and/or the need for continual biosecurity preventing incursion from wild birds. Read More

H5N8 HPAI in western Russia

9 July, 2018 Since early June, some 32 outbreaks of H5N8 have been reported in commercial poultry across several oblasts of western Russia including Kurskaya Samarskaya, Orlovskaya, Saratovskaya, Kurskaya, Smolenskaya and Penzenskaya. In addition, one outbreak occurred in a large poultry farm of 190,000 birds in Penzenskaya oblast in mid-June. Read More

Salmonella and Australian eggs

5 July, 2018 National salmonella infection rate in Australia is down nearly 20 per cent, from a gut-churning high point in 2016. Raw and runny eggs are commonly linked to salmonellosis infections.
Australian Eggs says efforts up and down the food chain are reflected in Federal Health data showing a 3000-case drop in salmonellosis infections over two years to 2017-18. Infections reached a peak of 17,565 for 2015-2016 across Australia but fell to 14,368 in 2017-18. Read More

Salmonella in German eggs

4 July, 2018 Organic eggs has been found to have been infected with Salmonella enteritidis. Salmonella in organic eggs has prompted a recall from multiple retailers in more than 10 German states.
Eifrisch Vermarktung GmbH & Co. KG, the affected agricultural producer, has ordered a recall of the infected batch from supermarkets in the German states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Schleswig-Holstein, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Brandenburg and Hesse. The infections were reportedly discovered during a routine testing procedure. Read More

Ruminant and chicken: important sources of campylobacteriosis in France

Scientific Reports vol. 8, Article number: 9305 (2018) 21 June, 2018 Campylobacter spp. are regarded as the most common foodborne bacterial zoonosis in Europe, despite potential underestimation due to underreporting of cases. In France, C. jejuni is responsible for nearly 80% of human infections while C. coli accounts for around 15%. The economic burden of campylobacteriosis has been estimated to 2.4 billion euros annually in Europe, with estimates of £50 million in 2008–2009 in the United Kingdom and 82 million euros in the Netherlands in 2011.Pathogen source attribution studies are a useful tool for identifying reservoirs of human infection. Based on Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST) data, such studies have identified chicken as a major source of C. jejuni human infection. Read More

Campylobacter in top U.K. chicken retailers

19 June, 2018 In compliance with the Food Standards Agency, on June 15th, nine large retailers throughout the UK released their testing results on whole chickens containing Campylobacter contamination. The top nine retailers across the UK have now published their latest testing results on campylobacter contamination in UK-produced fresh whole chickens (covering samples tested from January to March 2018).
The latest figures show that on average, across the major retailers, 3.8% of chickens tested positive for the highest level of contamination; these are the chickens carrying more than 1,000 colony forming units per gram (cfu/g) of campylobacter. Read More

A Salmonella Enteritidis outbreak in Canada

3 June, 2018 The Public Health Agency of Canada is collaborating with provincial public health partners, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Health Canada to investigate an outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections in eight provinces with cases of human illness linked to poultry, including frozen raw breaded chicken products.
As part of this outbreak investigation, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency has issued a food recall warning for the following product:
No Name brand Chicken Burgers (1kg), with a best before date of February 6, 2019. The product was distributed nationally. Currently, there are 59 cases of Salmonella Enteritidis illness in eight provinces: British Columbia (6), Alberta (8), Manitoba (9), Ontario (14), Quebec (19), New Brunswick (1), Nova Scotia (1), and New found land and Labrador (1). Ten people have been hospitalized. No deaths have been reported. Individuals became sick between March and May 2018. The average age of cases is 34 years, with ages ranging from 1 to 8 Read More

Newcastle disease: More cases confirmed in San Bernardino County

2 June, 2018 The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service confirmed four additional cases of virulent Newcastle disease in backyard birds in San Bernardino County, California. Read More

USA: Salmonella infections linked to chicken

2 June, 2018 The Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS), Minnesota Department of Health (MDH), Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection (DATCP), Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) and local health departments are investigating at least four cases of salmonellosis affecting one Minnesota resident and three Wisconsin residents. All four of the patients received frozen breaded chicken products at a Ruby’s Pantry pop-up location before their illnesses. Read More

Hygiene for chicken eggs – protection from Campylobacter

BfR Opinion 1 June, 2018 Campylobacter is a species of spiral bacteria which are widespread in the gut of warm-blooded animals, especially poultry. Whereas the germ usually has no effect on livestock, it can lead to an infectious bowel inflammation in humans. The result is stomach ache, diarrhoea and fever and in exceptional circumstances, autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis. Roughly 70,000 cases of intestinal inflammation through Campylobacter are reported every year. This makes it the most commonly registered food-related bacterial disease in Germany, with a slightly increasing tendency expected. About 50 to 80% of all cases can be attributed to chickens as the reservoir of Campylobacter. Fresh poultry meat is the most frequent source of human Campylobacter infections, but chicken eggs can also transmit Campylobacter to humans, especially if they are visibly contaminated with chicken excrement. The risk of infection through eggs can be minimised by taking the following measures, however. Chicken Read More

USDA: Virulent Newcastle Disease in a backyard chicken flock in California

19 May, 2018 The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) confirmed the presence of virulent Newcastle disease in a small flock of backyard exhibition chickens in Los Angeles County, California. This is the first case of virulent Newcastle disease, previously referred to as exotic Newcastle disease, in the U.S. since 2003. The 2002-03 outbreak, originally confirmed in backyard poultry in Southern California, spread to commercial poultry operations in California and backyard poultry in Arizona, Nevada and Texas. The outbreak, from discovery to eradication, lasted eleven months. The outbreak response led to the depopulation of 3.16 million birds at a cost of $161 million. Read More

Genetic and phenotypic properties of SE isolates influence the multiplication and survival in eggs

Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 81, No. 6, 2018, Pages 876–880 19 May, 2018 Contamination of the edible interior contents of eggs by Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis is an internationally significant public health concern. Internally contaminated eggs are produced as a consequence of Salmonella Enteritidis infection of the reproductive tissues of laying hens. However, this pathogen is found at a very low frequency in commercially produced eggs, and freshly laid eggs seldom harbor more than a few dozen bacterial cells. Accordingly, prompt refrigeration of eggs to prevent Salmonella multiplication to more dangerous levels during storage has been identified as an effective practice to reduce the risk of egg-transmitted illness. The efficacy of refrigeration for preventing the expansion of small Salmonella Enteritidis populations depends on the interaction among the location of contamination within eggs, the capabilities of contaminant strains to survive or multiply, and the rate at which growth-restricting temperatures are attained. Read More

New outbreaks of avian influenza in H5N8 in South Africa

18 May, 2018 H5N8 avian influenza reported in South Africa.
South African officials confirmed that the virus infected an ostrich flock of 3,720 birds in Western Cape province. Read More

Low pathogenic avian influenza detected in a duck holding in Denmark​

7 May, 2018 On 5 May a detection of low pathogenic avian influenza H5 has been done in a holding with ducks near the town Vinderup in the municipality of Holstebro in the western part of Jutland. The population of the holding consists of approximately 9.000 ducks and 12.000 ducklings.
There have not been clinical signs of disease among the animals. The ducks were tested in accordance with the Danish surveillance programme for avian influenza in poultry by routine sampling of blood samples.
Following an investigation of tracheal and cloacal swabs, low pathogenic H5 was detected in cloacal swabs by PCR followed by sequencing at the National Veterinary Institute the 5 May 2018. Read More

Texas All Grass-Fed Meat recalls whole chickens for possible Salmonella

5 May, 2018 Texas All Grass-Fed, which is a meat and poultry processor in Sealy, Texas, is recalling whole chickens because they may be contaminated with Salmonella bacteria. The Texas Department of State Health Services issued a news release about this issue on May 2, 2018.
About 2,300 whole frozen chickens are recalled. They are packaged whole in plastic bags.
The firm apparently failed to document that it had taken steps to prevent or eliminate bacterial contamination in the chickens. The plant also did not document that the chicken was properly cooled after processing. Those issues can permit the growth of Salmonella and other pathogenic bacteria. Read More

Switzerland: the cost of food poisoning

5 May, 2018 More than 10,000 cases of food poisoning are reported each year in Switzerland. Most cases are caused by campylobacter or salmonella-type bacteria with the former costing CHF50 million ($49.9 million) in medical costs last year.
The Food Safety and Veterinary Office (FSVO) wants to see a durable decline in the number of food poisoning cases, especially campylobacter infections which cause diarrhoea, it said at a press conference. A study by Professor Michael Siegrist of the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETHZ) shows that this kind of infection affects mainly men aged 18 to 30. Read More

GAO: USDA should take further action to reduce pathogens in meat, poultry

21 April, 2018 The U.S. food supply is generally considered safe, but foodborne illness - such as salmonella poisoning -remains a common problem.
For some meat and poultry products such as ground beef, there are standards for how much harmful bacteria USDA can find when testing. However, some common products such as turkey breasts and pork chops don't have such standards. It's unclear how USDA decides which products to consider for new standards.
Also, GAO found that some of USDA's food safety standards are outdated, with no time frames for revision. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has developed standards limiting the amount of Salmonella and Campylobacter - pathogens that can cause foodborne illness in humans - permitted in certain meat (beef and pork) and poultry (chicken and turkey) products, such as ground beef, pork carcasses, and chicken breasts. Read More

A foodborne illness outbreak could cost a restaurant millions

Public Health Reports 2018 17 April, 2018 A single foodborne outbreak could cost a restaurant millions of dollars in lost revenue, fines, lawsuits, legal fees, insurance premium increases, inspection costs and staff retraining, a new study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests.
The findings are based on computer simulations that suggest a foodborne illness outbreak can have large, reverberating consequences regardless of the size of the restaurant and outbreak. According to the model, a fast food restaurant could incur anywhere from $4,000 for a single outbreak in which 5 people get sick (when there is no loss in revenue and no lawsuits, legal fees, or fines are incurred) to $1.9 million for a single outbreak in which 250 people get sick (when restaurants loose revenue and incur lawsuits, legal fees, and fines). Read More

Rose Acre Farms recalls shell eggs due to Salmonella

14 April, 2018 Rose Acre Farms of Seymour, Indiana is voluntarily recalling 206,749,248 eggs because they have the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella Braenderup, an organism which can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and others with weakened immune systems.
The eggs were distributed from the farm in Hyde County, North Carolina and reached consumers in the following states: Colorado, Florida, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia through retail stores and restaurants via direct delivery.
23 illnesses have been reported to date. Read More

South Africa: 3 avian influenza cases

14 April, 2018 South Africa's Department of Rural, Environment and Agricultural Development (READ) in North West confirmed three cases of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), in the area.
One case was detected in the quails that are hatched, grown and slaughtered on the farm. The second one was identified in wild ducks that were kept domestically as pets for recreational reasons. Read More

Final update: Salmonella in chicken salad kills 1, sickens 265 in 8 states

11 April, 2018 On February 21, 2018, Triple T Specialty Meats, Inc. recalled all chicken salad produced from January 2, 2018 to February 7, 2018. The recalled chicken salad was sold in containers of various weights from the deli at Fareway grocery stores in Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, and South Dakota from January 4, 2018, to February 9, 2018. CDC recommends people do not eat any remaining recalled chicken salad sold at Fareway grocery stores, including any that has been frozen. Throw it away or return it to the place of purchase. Even if some of the chicken salad was eaten or served and no one got sick, throw the rest of it away, including any chicken salad in your freezer. Put it in a sealed bag in the trash so that children, pets or other animals can’t eat it. Read More

Avian influenza hits duck farm in Bulgaria's Yambol

5 April, 2018 An outbreak of H5N8 avian influenza has been registered in a duck farm in the Bulgarian village of Zimnitsa near Yambol, in the country's southeast. All birds will be culled. Read More

Canada: Chicken nuggets recalled due to Salmonella contamination

30 March, 2018 The Public Health Agency of Canada says it has established a link between a recent outbreak of salmonella enteritidis and frozen raw breaded chicken products sold primarily in eastern Canada.
The agency says Harvest Creek Chicken Nuggets with a best-before date of Oct. 11, 2018 have been linked to the outbreak and are being recalled. Read More

South Africa: H5N8 outbreaks

28 March, 2018 South Africa has reported highly pathogenic H5N8 infection in ostriches, other captive birds, and a wild bird.
South African officials also reported an outbreak in October that involved backyard hobby geese and ducks in Western Cape province and an outbreak that began on Mar 11 in backyard hobby swans in North West province.
In wild bird H5N8 was detected in two swift terns found dead on Feb 21 in Eastern Cape province. Read More

USA: Trends of foodborne illness outbreaks from 2006 to 2017

24 March, 2018 The CDC is examining trends of foodborne illness outbreaks for 2017 and describes changes in incidence since 2006 in its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) for March 23, 2018. Foodborne illness is a substantial health burden in the Untied States. In 2017, there were 24,484 infections, 5,677 hospitalizations, and 122 deaths attributed to food borne illness. Despite ongoing food safety measures in the United States, foodborne illness continues to be a substantial health burden. Compared with 2014–2016, the 2017 incidence of infections with Campylobacter, Listeria, non-O157 Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli (STEC), Yersinia, Vibrio, and Cyclospora increased. Read More

USA: Antibiotic-Resistant Infection Treatment Costs

Health Affairs 23 March, 2018 Antibiotic-resistant infections are a global health care concern. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 23,000 Americans with these infections die each year. Rising infection rates add to the costs of health care and compromise the quality of medical and surgical procedures provided. Little is known about the national health care costs attributable to treating the infections. Using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, A new research estimated the incremental health care costs of treating a resistant infection as well as the total national costs of treating such infections. The study, which is the first national estimate of the incremental costs for treating antibiotic-resistant infections, also found that the share of bacterial infections in the United States that were antibiotic resistant more than doubled over 13 years, rising from 5.2% in 2002 to 11% in 2014. Read More

Highly pathogenicity avian influenza in Italy - 2018

23 March, 2018 Updates of the outbreaks of avian influenza in Italy. Read More

Germany: first H5N6 avian influenza case on farm

21 March, 2018 The avian influenza virus H5N6 has been detected on a poultry farm on northern island of Germany for the first time. The affected farm on the island of Hallig Suederoog has 57 chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese, all of which have been culled and disposed of.
It is the first time the virus has been detected on a farm in Germany, the Schleswig-Holstein state agriculture ministry said. Read More

Canada: Salmonella outbreak linked to poultry in four provinces

19 March, 2018 Officials with the Public Health Agency of Canada is collaborating with provincial public health partners, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Health Canada to investigate an outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis infections in four provinces with cases of human illness linked to poultry, including frozen raw breaded chicken products.
Currently, there are 30 cases of Salmonella Enteritidis illness in four provinces: Alberta (2), Ontario (17), Quebec (7), and New Brunswick (4). Four individuals have been hospitalized. Individuals became sick between May 2017 and February 2018. Read More

The Netherlands: avian influenza at a duck farm

15 March, 2018 The Netherlands confirmed that avian influenza - H5N6 had been discovered at a duck farm in northeastern Overijssel province.
The outbreak was detected at a duck farm in Kamperveen village. 29,000 ducks will be culled by Dutch Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority.
36,000 chickens were culled for the same reason in Groningen province last month. Read More

Canada: A plan to reduce Salmonella illness risk

15 March, 2018 In the last 10 years the incidence of salmonella illness in Canada has steadily increased. This increase has been driven by Salmonella enteritidis (SE), the most common strain of salmonella in the food supply that is often associated with poultry.
Extensive efforts have been made by the federal food safety partners and the industry to increase consumer awareness that these products are raw and need to be fully cooked before consumption, as well as significant attempts by the industry to improve labelling and cooking instructions on packages. Despite these efforts, frozen raw breaded chicken products continue to be identified as a source of salmonella infection in Canada. Read More

USDA: Regionalization agreement with South Korea

15 March, 2018 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced an agreement with the government of South Korea that significantly reduces negative impacts on trade should another detection of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) occur in the United States. The agreement will allow for trade restrictions at the state level instead of the country level during any future HPAI detections.
This action bolsters the already strong trade relationship between the United States and South Korea and will prevent a repeat of trade actions taken in 2015 when all U.S. poultry, poultry products and eggs were banned as a result of a detection of HPAI. Read More

Campylobacter in Scotland, 2017

14 March, 2018 Food poisoning cases from Campylobacter found in chickens are on the rise in Scotland.
Nearly 6000 people in Scotland were sickened by campylobacter in 2017, up nine per cent on the previous year, while confirmed cases of salmonella remained stable at 839.
The bug is believed to be the number one cause of food poisoning annually in the UK every year, and it has been estimated to claim 100 lives a year. Although it is most commonly found in poultry, it can also be passed to human through red meat, mushroom, shellfish, unpasteurised milk and untreated water. Read More

Salmonella in Scotland, 2017

14 March, 2018 During 2017, the Scottish Salmonella, Shigella and Clostridium difficile Reference Laboratory (SSSCDRL) reported 838 cases of human non-typhoidal Salmonella to Health Protection Scotland, which is very similar to 2016 when there were 839 reports, this had followed an increase in reports since 2014 when there had been 717 reports.
There were 247 reports of Salmonella Enteritidis in 2017 compared with 362 in 2016, a decrease of 32%. Despite the decline S. Enteritidis remains the most common serogroup accounting for 29% of reports in 2017.
Reports of Salmonella Typhimurium increased in 2017 by 42%, with 182 reports, compared to 128 in 2016, and remains the second most commonly reported serogroup accounting for 22%. Read More

A $6.5 million verdict in a lawsuit against Foster Farms

12 March, 2018 On March 1, an Arizona federal court jury returned a verdict in the amount of $6.5 million in favor of a 5-and-a-half-year-old child (Noah Craten) who suffered a brain injury because of a Salmonella Heidelberg infection from chicken produced by Foster Poultry Farms.
The case established that chicken producers like Foster Poultry Farms can be held responsible for Salmonella contamination on raw chicken product even though the USDA does not consider Salmonella a per se “adulterant” in raw chicken and even though the bacteria can be killed by cooking the chicken. The case sets an important precedent for food safety. Read More

Mexico: Two Outbreaks Of HPAI H7N3

12 March, 2018 The National Service for Agrifood Health, Safety and Quality (SENASICA) reported the finding of high pathogenicity avian influenza virus A/H7N3 in a rural and a backyard, which were depopulated immediately. SENASICA ordered the immediate depopulation of the rural property, located in San Felipe, Guanajuato, which had a population of 1,900 birds. In the property were located thousand 400 birds of the race Rhode Island and 500 chickens of term posture cycle, it is suspected that the latter infected the rest, because they were vaccinated, which is presumed to come from commercial farms in the area of Los Altos de Jalisco, where there is still circulation of the virus and that through irregular mobilization, were distributed by intermediaries. Read More

H7N1 in Texas

12 March, 2018 The outbreak in Texas was detected during preslaughter testing in a broiler breeder flock in Hopkins County, about 350 miles south of Missouri's Jasper County, where low-pathogenic H7N1 was reported last week at a commercial turkey farm.
Slight increase in mortality and a drop in egg production was reported in the breeder flock. Depopulation of the 24,000 birds at the farm has begun. Read More

Multistate outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium linked to chicken salad

10 March, 2018 As of March 6, 2018, 170 people infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella Typhimurium have been reported from 7 states. Illnesses started on dates ranging from January 8, 2018, to February 18, 2018. Ill people range in age from 7 to 89 years, with a median age of 59. Sixty-six percent of ill people are female. 62 hospitalizations and no deaths have been reported. Read More

USA: H7N1 detected at Missouri turkey farm

7 March, 2018 APHIS has announced that a presumptive low-pathogenicity H7N1 was detected on a Jasper County turkey grow-out farm as a result of routine pre-slaughter surveillance. The flock of 20,000 birds is clinically unaffected and will be subject to "controlled marketing" under existing protocols. Read More

South Africa traces deadly listeria outbreak to meat product

5 March, 2018 Listeria bacteria was found at two Enterprise processed meat factories and one Rainbow Chicken polony factory in the Free State. Following the lead from tests performed on nine children under the age of 5 years presented to Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital with febrile gastro-enteritis and the food they had ingested, the EHPs (Environmental Health Practitioners), together with the NICD and DAFF representatives, accompanied by 3 technical advisors from the World Health Organisation in Geneva, visited a food-production site in Polokwane and conducted an extensive food product and environmental sampling. Listeria monocytogenes was isolated from over 30% of the environmental samples collected from this site, which happens to be the Enterprise factory in Polokwane. Whole genome sequencing analysis was performed from this Enterprise factory. The outbreak strain, ST6, was confirmed in at least 16 environmental samples collected from this Enterprise facility. Read More

Bulgaria: outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N8 avian influenza

5 March, 2018 Bulgaria has reported an outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N8 avian influenza virus on a farm in the northeastern district of Dobrich. Read More

Australia: Eggs are the strongest link to soaring salmonella cases in WA

2 March, 2018 During the second quarter of 2017 (2Q17), the Western Australian (WA) OzFoodNet team conducted surveillance of enteric diseases, undertook investigations into outbreaks and was involved with ongoing enteric disease research projects. The most common notifiable enteric infections in WA were campylobacteriosis (n=705), salmonellosis (n=622), rotavirus infection (n=236) and cryptosporidiosis (n=89). Compared to the applicable 5-year second quarter means (2QM), there were increases in notifications of campylobacteriosis (23%), salmonellosis (74%), rotavirus infections (134%) and cryptosporidiosis (21%).
The large increase in salmonellosis was primarily driven by an increase in S. Typhimurium MLVA type 03-17-09-12-523 notifications. Read More

Antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic bacteria

EFSA, ECDC 1 March, 2018 The new report from EFSA and ECDC focuses on zoonotic resistance, which involves infections and diseases that can be transmitted from animals to people or, more specifically, a disease that normally exists in animals but that can infect humans.The report highlights some emerging issues and confirms antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as one of the biggest threats to public health. AMR reduces the effectiveness of treatment options.Among the new findings, based on data from 2016, are detection of resistance to carbapenems in poultry, an antibiotic which is not authorized for use in animals, and of ESBL-producing Salmonella Kentucky with high resistance to ciprofloxacin in humans, which was reported for the first time in four countries. Read More

The Netherlands: H5N6 Avian influenza in Oldekerk

26 February, 2018 Avian influenza has been identified on a farm in Oldekerk in Groningen province and all 36,000 birds have been destroyed.
The strain involved is H5N6. Read More

South Africa: H5N8 in seabird species

19 February, 2018 The Department of Agriculture has confirmed that further incidences of highly pathogenic H5N8 avian influenza have been detected amongst Western Cape sea bird populations. Amongst African penguins, seven cases from six different sites across the provincial coastline have tested positive. Read More

Campylobacter in Scotland

17 February, 2018 The University of Aberdeen compared clinical strains of the pathogen from the Grampian area with strains isolated from chickens, cattle, sheep, pigs and wild birds. Campylobacter isolates were collected from clinical cases from Apr 2015 to Dec 2016 along with those from abattoir sampled whole birds (representing retail ready chicken) and caecal samples (representing the farm environment). Different strains were identified from the isolates obtained and molecular attribution models were used to attribute clinical isolates to specific host reservoirs. Campylobacteriosis in Grampian. Sensitivity analyses were performed in order to test the robustness of attribution models used. Read More

South Africa: the cost of avian influenza to industry

14 February, 2018 The highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N8) resulted in losses of R954m for the poultry industry, a report by the South African Poultry Association (SAPA) has revealed.
The total value of the industry is R46bn, but the losses have amounted to R954m.
The report showed that a total of 1,996,815 birds were killed. The loss attributed to the culling of birds was R307.15m. The Western Cape was most affected by the outbreak, as the largest number of outbreaks and commercial farms and the highest number of wild bird outbreaks were reported. A total of 3.3 million or 70.95% of the bird population was culled or recorded as dead.
In Mpumalanga it was 394,435 birds or 34.75% of the population, followed by Free State with 360,000 birds or 10.09% of the population. In Gauteng more than 415,00 birds or 7.26% of the population was culled or recorded as dead, and in KwaZulu-Natal the figure was 111,945 birds or 3.61% of the population. Read More

Recent outbreaks of avian influenza in France

14 February, 2018 Between December and February, four cases of H5N3 LPAI and five of H5 LPAI were reported in commercial duck farms in Gers, Loire Atlantique, Lot and Garonne, Morbihan and Vendee regions, and two H5N3 HPAI in turkey breeding farms in Maine et Loire, westand southwest France. The infected ducks did not present any clinical signs, the infection being detected by screening prior to moving into a gavage unit. In addition, a case of H5N2 LPAI was also detected in fattening ducks in the Landes region. Read More

China: 1st known human H7N4 avian influenza case

14 February, 2018 The Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) reported confirming a human case of avian influenza A (H7N4). According to the NHFPC, this is the first case of human infection with avian influenza A (H7N4) in the world.
The case involved a 68-year-old female patient living in Liyang in Changzhou of Jiangsu Province who developed symptoms on December 25, 2017. She was admitted to hospital for medical treatment on January 1 and was discharged on January 22. She had contact with live poultry before the onset of symptoms. All her close contacts did not have any symptoms during the medical surveillance period. Read More

Fareway chicken salad may contain salmonella

14 February, 2018 Consumers in five Midwestern states are being warned against eating chicken salad sold at Fareway stores that's been tied to multiple cases of salmonella illness.
Preliminary test results from the University of Iowa's state hygienic laboratory indicate Salmonella typhimurium is present in the product, which Fareway voluntarily pulled from its shelves. Read More

Israel: H5N8 in wild bird

7 February, 2018 Israel has reported a case of the highly pathogenic H5N8 avian influenza in a wild bird.
The virus was detected in a wild owl in Jerusalem that died after showing clinical symptoms. Read More

Iran reports H5N6 avian influenza

5 February, 2018 Iran has reported an outbreak of the highly pathogenic H5N6 avian influenza virus among wild ducks in the north of the country. Read More

H5N8 in South Africa

2 February, 2018 South Africa reported several H5N8 outbreaks involving wild birds and commercial ostriches. 10 new outbreaks in a variety of wild birds found dead from Dec 27, 2017, to Jan 24. Nine of the findings were in Western Cape province, and one was in Eastern Cape province. Read More

The Netherlands: Novel highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N6)

EID, Vol 24, Number 4 - April 2018 31 January, 2018 A novel highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N6) virus affecting wild birds and commercial poultry was detected in the Netherlands in December 2017. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the virus is a reassortant of H5N8 clade 2.3.4.4 viruses and not related to the Asian H5N6 viruses that caused human infections. Read More

UK: Antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter from retail chilled chicken

15 January, 2018 The development and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a public health concern worldwide. The use of antibiotics is important in treating infections and preventing disease from arising in both animals and humans. However, the overuse and/or misuse of antibiotics in both animal husbandry and healthcare settings has been linked to the emergence and spread of microorganisms which are resistant to them, rendering treatment ineffective and posing a risk to public health.
A Microbiological Survey of Campylobacter Contamination in Fresh Whole UK Produced Chilled Chickens at Retail Sale (2015-16), presents antimicrobial resistance data for a subset of those Campylobacter isolates collected as part of this survey. Read More

UK: H5N6 in Dorset

12 January, 2018 DEFRA has confirmed avian influenza (HPAI) H5N6 in 17 wild birds at Abbottsbury, Dorset - 15 in mute swans, 1 Canada Goose and 1 Potchard Duck. The strain is the European strain, as opposed to the Asian strain, which is not associated with humans.This strain has already been identified in dead wildfowl found recently in Holland and Germany. Read More

Japan: avian influenza

10 January, 2018 Japan's agriculture ministry reported a case of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Kagawa prefecture, western Japan. 100,000 broiler chickens are present at the farm.
Japan's last outbreak of avian influenza occurred in March. Read More

Avian Influenza A(H5N1) virus in Lebanon 2016

EID Vol 24, Number 2 - February 2018 9 January, 2018 In Lebanon, no cases of infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus were reported in poultry or humans before 2016. On April 20, 2016, the Lebanon Ministry of Agriculture confirmed the presence of avian influenza A(H5N1) virus on 2 poultry farms in Nabi Chit village located in the Bekaa region, adjacent to the border of Lebanon with Syria. The Ministry of Agriculture culled all domestic birds within a 3-km radius of infected farms. A total of 60,000 birds were culled from 7 farms (including the 2 infected farms) and 10 households with backyards. All farms were disinfected, and organic remains were disposed safely. Indemnity was provided to farmers by the Higher Relief Council. Read More

Chile: The largest Salmonella outbreak in years

9 January, 2018 Chile reports largest Salmonella outbreak in years, linked to homemade mayonnaise. Health officials in the Bio Bio Region of Chile are reporting a large outbreak of Salmonella that has affected 174 persons. The outbreak has been linked to homemade mayonnaise from the local “Dulce y Salado” in the city of Lota. Read More

Iraq reports outbreak of H5N8

8 January, 2018 Iraq has reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N8 avian influenza in Diyala in the center of the country.
The virus detected n Dec. 27 at a farm of 43,000 birds and killed 7,250 of them. Read More

Chicken still main source of campylobacter infections in Denmark

5 January, 2018 Almost half of all campylobacter infections in Denmark are caused by consumption of domestic chicken meat.Campylobacter is the leading cause of foodborne infections in Denmark. A total of 4,677 campylobacter infections were registered in 2016, but these are only the tip of the iceberg: estimates suggest that for every registered case of campylobacter, another 12 cases go unreported.
Researchers from the National Food Institute have produced a report for the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, which show what proportion of cases acquired in Denmark can be attributed to eight different food and environmental sources. Government and industry will use these data when designing the next Action Plan on Campylobacter. Read More